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Title: An Assessment of Soil Degradation and conservation practices Based on Farmers Perception in Toke Kutaye District, West Shewa Zone, Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia
???metadata.dc.contributor.*???: Dr. Aseffa Abegaz
Demoze, Kumesa
Keywords: Soil degradation, Erosion, fertility, Farmer perception
Issue Date: Nov-2014
Abstract: Lack of appreciating farmers’ knowledge and their perceptions of soil degradation and soil conservation measures was the reason for low adoption of recommended technologies. This research was carried out to evaluate farmers’ perceptions of soil degradation and their knowledge of the existing soil and conservation measures in Toke Kutaye Woreda of the West Shewa zone. The main objective of this study was to evaluate the farmers’ perception on soil degradation and conservation practices. The specific objectives of the study are to examine farmer’s perceptions of soil erosion and soil fertility decline indicators, to identify indigenous knowledge and practices used by house hold farmers to control soil erosion and enhance soil fertility, to assess the impacts of extensive farming, cropping, live stock, tenure system, fire and fuel wood management practices on soil fertility and erosion, to examine services giving to the farmers by extension agents that promotes strategies and activities to restore soil fertility and reduce soil erosion. Primary data for the study were collected through house hold questionnaire, focus group discussions, key informant interviews and personal observation while secondary data were collected from relevant authority reports and records. Farmers perceived indicators of the existence of erosion and soil fertility loss differently. The most frequently mentioned soil erosion indicators were rill and gully formation followed by exposed underground rocks, soil becoming coarse and stony, and topsoil removal. The most important perceived indicator of soil fertility loss was reduced crop yield, high weeds, crop leaves becoming yellow and crops becoming stunted. Furthermore, the attention provided to the soil conservation adoption and soil nutrient management practices to date is minimal. Majority of farmers preferred water diversion ditch, and Strip cultivation for soil erosion measures and crop rotation for soil fertility amendment while they did not recognize inter cropping and Compost as a conservation and fertility amendment measures. Chi-square test results reveal that educational status of the farmers, access to extension services and farmers training, livestock holding and sex of farmers have significant positive impact on the farmers to use soil conservation mechanisms. Key words: Soil degradation, Erosion, fertility, Farmer perception
Appears in Collections:Center for Environmental Studies

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