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Title: Factors affecting farmers adoption of soil and water conservation practices: the case of Tiyo district, Arsi zone Oromia regional state of Ethiopia
???metadata.dc.contributor.*???: ASMAMAW LEGASS ( PhD )
Keywords: Soil and water Conservation
Issue Date: Sep-2014
Abstract: The main objective of the study was to assess factors affecting farmers adoption of soil and water conservation practices in Tiyo district. It also aimed to investigate the socio- economic benefits of practice of SWC structures. For this purpose household survey, key informant interview, focus group discussion and observation methods were used to collect both qualitative and quantitative data. The three rural kebeles: Dosha, Denkaka konicha and Goraselengo were selected by none probability sampling 230 sample households were selected via simple random sampling. The household survey data have been tabulated, analyzed and summarized by using statistical package for social science (SPSS). Information obtained from key informant interview and Focus group Discussion was qualitatively analyzed. Farmers in the area perceived the existence, cause, severity and impact of soil erosion. They explained the degree of erosion severity as severe, moderate, minor, and a few as no erosion risks on their farm land. The major structural soil conservation measures practiced in the study area include soil bunds, water ways, cut off drains, and check dams. Besides, farmers have been using agronomic(biological) soil conservation measures either separately or in combination. Practices of structural soil conservation measures have been influenced by many factors. The study revealed that factors such as attitude, age, gender, family size, education, farm size, slope, contact with extension workers, visit to demonstration centers, influenced farmers to adopt soil and water conservation methods. The study showed that the practice of soil and water conservation structures have socio-economic and environmental benefits for the community such as increase productivity of land and yield, improves food security, enhancing quality of rural life, reduce soil erosion and improves environmental quality and health. The study also revealed challenges faced by farmers such as shortage of hand tools, luck of demonstration center, sufficient credit service, technical support, follow up and monitoring , absence of maintenance of structures. Therefore, they need to be provided with continuous training, technical and material support, better access to credit, demonstration centers. In addition, additional extension agents should be assigned to fill the gap
Appears in Collections:Center for Environmental Studies

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