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Title: Water and Sanitation Provision and its Effects on Poor Women: The Case of Selected Neighbourhoods in Addis Ababa
???metadata.dc.contributor.*???: Tegegne G/Egziabher (PhD)
Nigist, Selfu
Keywords: water, sanitation
Issue Date: Jul-2007
Publisher: AAU
Abstract: This study, by taking the case of Addis Ababa, the capital of Ethiopia, investigates the effects of water and sanitation provision on poor women. The study was instigated by the observation that the pressure of inadequate water supply and sanitation provision fall more on the poor than better offs; and among the poor, the problems are intense on women due to biological, economic and socio- cultural factors. In order to thoroughly examine water supply and sanitation issues affecting poor women in the Addis Ababa context, relevant primary and secondary data were generated and personal observations were made and analyzed. Three poor neighbourhoods (two from the inner-city slums and one from the informal settlements) were identified as case study areas and 120 poor women were selected through a multi-stage sampling method. Major findings of the study indicate that in the city in general and in the studied neighborhoods in particular unavailability of water and sanitation at the required quantity, place, affordability, accessibility and safety has been strongly affecting the lives of poor women. It shows that these interrelated effects highly influence the health, income, privacy, dignity, security, social status of poor women including the time they can use for self improvement. As the effects are multiple so are the causes. The results of this study show that the roots causes are related to the socio-economic status of women including the rigid gender division of labour, inadequate access to economic resources and poor decision making power. These coupled with failure to implement the nationally declared gender and poverty policies as well as gender mainstreaming strategies made women arguably the most deprived in human as well as economic terms. The study concludes that water and sanitation, which is one of the most important development challenges facing Addis Ababa, has been affecting the lives of the poorest of the poor who live in the ill serviced slums and squatter settlements. So, action to improve water and sanitation situation is an important step to enable the poor people in general and poor women in particular to escape poverty. To escape from poverty, among other things, poor women need to be empowered. To achieve this goal, economic growth and financial resources are of course necessary, but they are not enough. This study suggests that by adopting an integrated and multisectored approach, by putting poor women’s needs at the center of water and sanitation service provisions and by enabling them to take part in the decision making and priority setting process it is possible to make a difference.
Appears in Collections:Thesis-Gender studies

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