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The Vulnerability of Smallholder Agriculture to Climate Variability/Change in Boset Woreda, Oromia Region, Ethiopia

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dc.contributor.advisor Bewket, Woldeamelak (PhD)
dc.contributor.author Bekele, Emebet
dc.date.accessioned 2018-07-02T07:36:15Z
dc.date.available 2018-07-02T07:36:15Z
dc.date.issued 2013-06
dc.identifier.uri http://localhost:80/xmlui/handle/123456789/5244
dc.description.abstract This paper examined vulnerability of smallholder agriculture to climate variability/change in the Oromia region of Boset Woreda by developing vulnerability index and comparing vulnerability indicators across the three agro-ecological zones. It also assessed the perceptions of farmers to climate variability/change, undertaken adaptation measures and perceived impacts of the event on the society. The study used semi-structured interview to gather data from households, government officials and experts; and secondary data from published and unpublished sources, and systematically analyzes the data both using qualitative and quantitative analysis. The result showed that the trend of gradual and extreme weather change increased agriculture vulnerability in the study area. According to the 30 years (1981-2010) metrological data, rainfall was decreasing with a rate of 2.2 mm while temperature was rising by 0.0090c. Farmers at the area also agreed with the metrological data. 95.7%, 78.7 % and 93.1% of the respondents claimed that there had been an overall increase in temperature, flood and drought occurrence and decrease in rainfall respectively with compared to the past years. Regarding the agricultural impacts, 97.9% of the respondents stated having a considerable reduction of production while 88.8% increase in incidence of plant diseases. Similarly, 87.8%, 62%, 76.7%, and 58.6% of respondents perceived an increase in incidence of insects, animal diseases, weeds and flood and drought respectively. To cope with the impacts, on average 63 % of the farmers used one or more of adaptation mechanisms though, the coping mechanisms were not sufficient to tackle the challenges. The study also revealed that agro-ecology zone with low potential impact and high adaptive capacity had the lowest vulnerability level than with high potential impacts and low adaptive capacity. Accordingly, the warm moist lowlands agro-ecology zone had the lowest agriculture vulnerability level due to its low potential impact and high adaptive capacity followed by Sub moist mid highlands. In contrast, because of its combined high sensitivity and exposure and low adaptive capacity the warm Sub- Moist lowlands agro-ecology zone had the highest level of agriculture vulnerability. Thus, as climate variability/change is an unavoidable phenomenon, reducing the sensitivity of the farmers and the ecosystem and increasing the adaptive capacity of the farmers is very crucial so as to minimize the vulnerability of agriculture to climate variability/change en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject Geography and Environmental Studies en_US
dc.title The Vulnerability of Smallholder Agriculture to Climate Variability/Change in Boset Woreda, Oromia Region, Ethiopia en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US

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