|Title:||The Challenges of Technical Vocational Education|
|Abstract:||The purpose of this study was to assess the challenges of TVET Colleges in Benshangul Gummuz Regional state. The study has been conducted in two governmental and two non-governmental TVET Colleges. The trainees, trainers, College management bodies, and Regional TVET experts were the main sources of data for the study. Stratified random sampling approach was employed in selecting the trainers and trainees. Questionnaires, interviews, observation check list, focus group discussion, and document analysis were the instruments used for the collection of data. The data obtained through questionnaires were analyzed using statistical instruments like percentage and weight mean values. The data are analyzed and interpreted quantitatively as well as qualitatively. The results obtained from the study suggest that the TVET Colleges in the region are not supplied with qualified and skilled trainers and lack machines, equipment, workshops, libraries, classrooms, books, and other facilities. Furthermore, findings reveal that lack of adequate facilities, shortage of skilled manpower, lack of awareness regarding TVET strategy, lack of adequate budget, and lack of commitment of concerned bodies are challenges of TVET colleges in the region. Besides, Colleges are not well organized and have not enough resources to implement current TVET curriculum. Lack of skilled trainers, lack of facilities and machinery and weak internal organization are major challenges of trainees in the college while, unsuccessful Center of Competency (COC) exam, competing with others and lack of employers are expected challenges for trainees. There is no professional guidance and counseling in the colleges and trainees cannot decide their opportunity and will have job. Lack of cooperative training and COC assessments is not employed and these have an effect on quality training. Finally, Based on the findings and conclusions, the following points were recommended to address the existing challenges in the Region under study: Staff development in the Colleges; internally organized TVET systems in the region and TVET institution; and raise social awareness about the importance of TVET in the region for all societies should seriously be considered. Necessary facilities should also be fulfilled. In addition, tracery studies should be carried out before providing training, and trainees have to be encouraged in self-employment. Besides strengthening the labor market information system; establishing and enhancing technology transfer department; enhancing supervisory and professional support; offering opportunities for further education for trainers; and establishing professional guidance and counseling services are issues to be addressed.|
|Appears in Collections:||Thesis - Educational Leadership & Management|
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