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Zinc Status and Associated Factors among Pregnant Women at Nifas Silk Lafto Subcity, Addis Ababa

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dc.contributor.advisor Gashu, Dawd (PhD)
dc.contributor.author Jofiro, Gemechu
dc.date.accessioned 2022-04-01T07:08:34Z
dc.date.available 2022-04-01T07:08:34Z
dc.date.issued 2019-06
dc.identifier.uri http://etd.aau.edu.et/handle/123456789/31068
dc.description.abstract Background: Zinc is important for normal human physiology and plays great role in cell growth, reproduction and immune system from inside utero until puberty. The element is especially needed dming pregnancy for fetal growth. However, globally about two billion people are zinc deficient. Populations in developing countries are at special risk of zinc deficiency associated to poor diet. Only limited studies are available in Ethiopia reporting zinc nutritional status of pregnant women. In addition, factors assoc iated to low zmc concentration need to be identifi ed to develop optimal intervention. This study detennines serum zinc concentration among pregnant women in selected health settings in Addis Ababa. In addi tion, it attempts to identify significant factors for low serum zinc in the study subj ects. MethodoIogy:- Institutional based cross-sectional study was canied out among pregnant women (n=226) in Addis Ababa. Information such as soc io-demographi c characteristics, antlu'opometric characteristics, di etary di versity, and obstctric history were collected ITom study participants. In addition, serum zinc concentration and C - reactive protein level wcre determined. Furthern10re, hemoglobin concentration of pregnant women was measured. Statistical analysis was done using logistic regression methods. P-value < 0.05 at 95% confidence interval was considered statistically significant. Result: The prevalence of zinc defic iency among pregnant women was 32. I % and media value of 90. 51lg/dl. Age range of participating women was 15-42 years with mean of 25.1 ±4.4 years. High prevalence (37.6% vs 22.8, p= 0.026) of zinc deficiency was observed among multigravida mothers when compared to prim-gravida women. Nearly th ree fourth (73.1 %) of participating women had normal body mass index with mean value of 21.8±3.1 kg/m'. Majority, (95.8%) of the present study participants ate starch foods group. About (52.8%) of the pregnant women had medium dicter di versity score 24hrs preceding the survey with mean value of 4.9±1. 1. One in ten (10) of the present study women were anemic. Pregnant women who had medium di etary diversity score reduced by 92% likelihood of zinc deficiency than those who had high dietary diversity score (AOR: 0.075, P: <0.00 I). Conclusions:- The prevalence of zinc deficiency among pregnant women was remain high. The dietary diversity of the study women was dominated by starch foods group. Most of the pregnant women had medium dieter diversity score. Maternal serum zinc level was significantly associated with monthly income, C-reactive protein level, and trimester, number of parity, dietary diversity score and animal source food s. Pregnant women has better to intake zinc rich animal source foods. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Addis Ababa University en_US
dc.subject Zinc Status en_US
dc.title Zinc Status and Associated Factors among Pregnant Women at Nifas Silk Lafto Subcity, Addis Ababa en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US

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