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The Chronic Effects of Supervised Aerobic Exercise on Glycemic Control and Body Composition in Type-2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients Attending Outpatient Care Unit in Goba Referral Hospital, Southeast Ethiopia

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dc.contributor.advisor Dr.Haile, Diresibachew(Ph.D.)
dc.contributor.author Dinku, Yohannes
dc.date.accessioned 2021-01-13T11:38:32Z
dc.date.available 2021-01-13T11:38:32Z
dc.date.issued 2020-08
dc.identifier.uri http://etd.aau.edu.et/handle/123456789/24659
dc.description.abstract ABSTRACT Background: Diabetes mellitus and its complications continue to be one of the highest causes of morbidity and premature mortality in recent times. Aerobic exercise is part of lifestyle modification that leads to positive health in general and advised to be used consistently in the management of diabetes mellitus in particular. In this connection, exercise is underutilized in the management of type 2 diabetes mellitus in Ethiopia. Management of diabetes needs continuous monitoring of hemoglobin A1c which indicates how effective glycemic control over a period of 2-3 months is. Objective: This study was intended to assess the effects of supervised aerobic exercise on glycemic control and body composition in type -2 diabetes patients attending outpatient care unit in Goba Referral Hospital, Ethiopia, 2020. Methods: Thirty physically active adult men, 35-65 years of age with type 2 diabetes mellitus living in Goba town were assigned to 12 weeks of supervised aerobic exercise. The subjects were selected using convenient sampling technique. Fasting blood glucose, Hemoglobin A1c, Body mass index, Blood Pressure and Waist to hip ratio were used as the main outcome variables. Epi-data (3.1 version) and SPSS (21 version) were used for data entry and statistical analysis, respectively. The paired sample T-test was used to test if there was a significant change in parameters. Results: The mean age was 52.89 years, with response rate of 90%. Mean hemoglobin A1c level at twelfth week decreased significantly from baseline (8.7% vs 7.6 % with 12.64% decrease, p =0.013). The interventional exercise reduced body weight (1.54%), body mass index (1.55%) and waist to hip ratio (1.98%) significantly (p<0.05). Reduction in fasting blood glucose (12.33%), resting systolic blood pressure (0.31%) and resting diastolic blood pressure (1.43%) were not significant (p > 0.05). Conclusion: A 12 weeks of moderate intensity aerobic exercise improved hemoglobinA1c, body weight, body mass index, Waist circumference and waist to hip ratio significantly, but the reduction in the blood pressure and fasting blood glucose were not statistically significant. So, health professionals should recognize and prescribe individualized exercise. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher Addis Abeba University en_US
dc.subject Type 2 diabetes mellitus, Hemoglobin A1c, fasting blood glucose, aerobic exercise ,body mass index en_US
dc.title The Chronic Effects of Supervised Aerobic Exercise on Glycemic Control and Body Composition in Type-2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients Attending Outpatient Care Unit in Goba Referral Hospital, Southeast Ethiopia en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US


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