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Prevalence of dermatoglyphic patterns and palmar creases among diabetic and non-diabetic patients at governmental hospitals, east Gojjam Zone,North West Ethiopia,2019.

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dc.contributor.advisor Afework, Mekbeb(PhD)
dc.contributor.author Tefera, Yihun
dc.date.accessioned 2021-01-10T10:50:45Z
dc.date.available 2021-01-10T10:50:45Z
dc.date.issued 2020-09
dc.identifier.uri http://etd.aau.edu.et/handle/123456789/24589
dc.description.abstract Introduction: Dermatoglyphics is the scientific study of the skin ridge patterns on the fingers, palms and soles of human. Dermatoglyphics patterns are genetically determined and affected by physical, topographical and environmental factors in intrauterine life. There are lines in the palm known as palmar creases. A normal human palm contains three major creases. The patterns of the epidermal ridges and palmar creases serve as a diagnostic tools in a number of diseases that have genetic backgrounds. Diabetes mellitus is one such of diseases with a strong genetic basis and certain dermatoglyphics and palmar crease variations are expected to occur. Objectives: The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence of digital dermatoglyphics and palmar crease patterns of the hand among diabetics and non-diabetics patients in governmental hospitals, East Gojjam zone, 2019 Methods: Institution based cross-sectional study was conducted by both observation and interview methods. Bilateral palmar and fingerprints were taken by mobile camera from selected volunteers of diabetic and non-diabetic subjects attending East Gojjam zone government hospitals. A Pearson chisquare test, bivariable, and multivariable multinomial logistic regression models were employed using SPSS version 20. Odds ratio with 95% confidence interval was computed and p-values less than 0.05 were considered significant. Result: In both diabetics and non-diabetic subjects loop type was the most frequent followed by whorl and arch types. Their prevalence were respectively 66.9% [95% CI: 65.4, 68.3], 28.4% [95%CI: 27, 29.8], and 5.1% [95% CI: 4.1, 5.4] in diabetics and 63.4% [95% CI: 61.9, 64.8], 32% [95%CI: 30.5, 33.4] and 4.7% [95% CI: 4.0, 5.3] in non-diabetic subjects. Being male was nearly 1.4 times likely to have loop type (AOR= 1.385 95%CI 1.120, 1.714) and whorl type (AOR=1.359 95%CI 1.090, 1.696) than arch type of dermatoglyphics patterns. Normal type of palmar crease has nearly similar distribution between diabetic and non-diabetic subjects. From aberrant creases simian had a bit higher distribution in diabetics compared to non-diabetics study participants. Conclusion: The study showed that there was significant difference in the distribution of fingerprint patterns between the diabetics and the non-diabetic subjects. The findings in the palm showed that normal crease was the most frequent creases. In addition, there was significant association with sex, body side and symmetryness in the pattern of fingerprint distribution between the diabetics and non-diabetic subjects. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher Addis Abeba University en_US
dc.subject Dermatoglyphic patterns , Palmar creases , diabetic , non-diabetic patients en_US
dc.title Prevalence of dermatoglyphic patterns and palmar creases among diabetic and non-diabetic patients at governmental hospitals, east Gojjam Zone,North West Ethiopia,2019. en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US

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