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Diversity and Distribution of Birds at Borta Dam and its Surrounding, Oromia Region, Western Ethiopia

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dc.contributor.advisor Afework, Bezawork (PhD)
dc.contributor.author Gemechu, Yaekob
dc.date.accessioned 2020-12-07T07:37:38Z
dc.date.available 2020-12-07T07:37:38Z
dc.date.issued 2019-08-08
dc.identifier.uri http://etd.aau.edu.et/handle/123456789/23886
dc.description.abstract This Study Was Carried Out To Investigate Bird Species Distribution And Diversity Of Borta Dam And Its Surrounding Habitat In Western Ethiopia. It Was Conducted From January 2019 To June 2019 Covering Both Dry And Wet Season. The Study Area Was Classified Into Three Habitat Types Based On The Topography And Vegetation Types. These Are Wetland, Woodland, And Farmland. Representative Sample Study Area, Were Taken From Each Habitat Type And Line Transect Method Was Employed For Wetland And Farmland Habitat Types But Point Count Method For Woodland Habitat. Data Were Collected In The Morning (6:30 –9:30 Am) And In The Afternoon (2:30 –5:30 Pm). During The Study Period, A Total Of 88bird Species Belonging To 39 Families Were Recorded. The Diversity Of Birds Varied Among The Three Different Habitats. Wetland Habitat Appeared To Be A Choice For Most Of Bird Species (56) And Woodland Least (37) Encountered In The Study Period. This Habitats Had The Highest Diversity Of Bird Species With Shannon-Wiener Index Of Diversity (H’=4.02, E=0.97). The Second Diversified Habitat Was Farmland With (H’ = 3.43, E=0.87) And Woodland Was The Third Diversified Habitat (H’=3.11, E=0.84). Among The Three Habitat Types, Simpson’s Similarity Index Showed That The Highest Similarity Was Between Woodland And Farmland (SI=0.522) And The Least Similarity Was Between Woodland And Wetland (SI= 0.379) During The Dry Season. During The Wet Season Also, The Highest Similarity Between Farmland And Woodland (SI=0.487) And The Least Similarity Was Between Wetland And Woodland (SI=0.342). The Highest Number Of Families Distributed In Wetland (17 Families) And The Lowest (10 Families) In Woodland. There Fore, It Can Serve As Important Center For Tourist Attraction If Properly Managed Controlling Habitat Destruction, Controlling Livestock Grazing From The Area And Active Community Participation Are Essential For Maintaining The Habitats And Birds Of The Area. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Addis Ababa University en_US
dc.subject Bird en_US
dc.subject Distribution en_US
dc.subject Diversity en_US
dc.subject Evenness en_US
dc.subject Richness en_US
dc.title Diversity and Distribution of Birds at Borta Dam and its Surrounding, Oromia Region, Western Ethiopia en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US

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