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Modeling Spatio-Temporal Urban Land Use Changes: A Case of Burayu Town Using Remote Sensing and GIS Techniques

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dc.contributor.advisor Daniel, Alemayehu (PhD)
dc.contributor.author Lencho, Amanu
dc.date.accessioned 2019-11-30T07:44:40Z
dc.date.available 2019-11-30T07:44:40Z
dc.date.issued 2019-10
dc.description.abstract Urbanization is the most powerful and visible force that has fundamental changes Land Use Land Cover around globe. High population increment leads to a quick expansion of urban growth, causing changes in Land use Land Cover in many urban areas especially in developing countries. Burayu Town population growth rapidly increased by 90 times within the past 35 (1984-2019) years and expansion of squatter houses is increased. The main objectives of this study is that integrating GIS, Remote sensing and Land use Land cover Modeling tools to Model Spatio temporal Urban Land use Changes of Burayu Town using Landsat of 1990,2000,2010 and 2019 year for the last three decades (1990-2019) and predict for future three decades (2050). For this study using supervised classification method, Maximum likely hood algorithm, the overall accuracy of Classified Burayu Town Land use for 1990,2000,2010 and 2019 is 88%, 92%, 93.6% and 97.6% and respectively and it is acceptable. This study results show Urban land use land cover changes (urban expansion) of Burayu Town area highly increased from 100 Ha (1%) to 4600Ha (46%) in last three decades (1990-2019) and for future three decades 5800Ha (58%) in 2050 if Urban expansion is positive effect, and if negative effect urban expansion is greater than this value is expected. Land Change Modeler and Multi-Layer perceptron sub model used for modeling using Factors and constraints and validating kappa statistic is moderate and acceptable to predict for future (2050). Now a days Burayu Town Urban Planners and policy makers lacks accurate, timely and scientific method of urban land use land cover changes and no scientific site selection for Housing development, for monitoring and resolving the negative consequences, and make decision concerning Land Resource management for better Land use management and Environmental development. Burayu Town Urban planner, Land Administration offices and Environmental protection offices use this basic information of urban Land use Land Cover changes and use scientifically site selected for Housing development to solve the society problems and avoid risks. Federal and Regional Government should give attention for the main problems of housing, infrastructure services and losses of Agriculture Land by modifying Land policy and giving Land for housing. Therefore modeling spatio temporal urban Land use Changes and predict for future is very important for Burayu Town. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher Addis Ababa University en_US
dc.subject urbanization. en_US
dc.subject Burayu Town en_US
dc.subject Urban Land use Land cover Change en_US
dc.subject Land satellites en_US
dc.subject decades en_US
dc.subject hectare (Ha) en_US
dc.subject Population en_US
dc.title Modeling Spatio-Temporal Urban Land Use Changes: A Case of Burayu Town Using Remote Sensing and GIS Techniques en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US

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