|Title:||Smallholders’ Irrigation Practices and Issues of Community Management: The Case of Two Irrigation Systems in Eastern Oromia, Ethiopia.|
|???metadata.dc.contributor.*???:||Dr. Woldeab Teshome|
|Keywords:||Small-scale irrigation;Food security;Community irrigation water management;Cash crops;Food grain crops;Market information system;Market oriented;cropping pattern;Agricultural products price policy;Input and output marketing;Farm land leasing;Water pricing policy;Linkages of irrigation|
|Abstract:||The purpose of this study has been to assess the role of smallholders’ irrigation development and issues of community management with special reference to Doni Kumbi and Bato Degaga irrigation systems in eastern shoa zone of Oromia Region. Both irrigation systems are located in the arid and drought-prone areas where crop failure is a recurrent phenomenon due to insufficiency and erratic rainfall. The study has been focused on examining the social and technical aspects of irrigation by which the benefits and constraints of irrigation has been investigated. In order to undertake this research household survey, focus group discussion and key informants were interviewed to collect primary data. In addition, relevant literatures and essential documents were reviewed that was useful for the study. The finding of this study show that smallholder irrigations are very important specially in those areas where insufficient and erratic rainfall is a recurrent phenomenon as a result rain fed agricultural production is not a dependable enterprise. For instance, of the available income sources, the average household income obtained from irrigation cultivation constituted 69.18%, 76.15% and 75.92% during the three years period (2001-2003) in Doni Kumbi SSI. In Bato Gegaga SSI, there was no irrigation in 2001 because of failure in electric power supply. After the irrigation system re-operated in 2002 and 2003, the average household income obtained from irrigation cultivation was 75.49% and 61.49% as compared to other sources of income respectively. However, as the study revealed, there are many technical, institutional, policy and management problems that constrain irrigation performances. Despite the existing weaknesses of IWUAs, lack of support is very crucial. The IWUAs were registered and became legal entity but this did not give them any advantage since they were not different from those who did not get the legal entity. For instance, they do not get facilities such as credit and market information because the agricultural policy gives priority to farmers that rely on rain fed cultivation. Generally, the result of this study shows that the development of irrigation canals by it self cannot bring about significant change. Together with, it is important to consider the social aspects in order for irrigation systems to be successful.|
|Description:||A Thesis submitted to the school of graduate studies of Addis Ababa University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Arts in Regional and Local Development Studies (RLDS)|
|Appears in Collections:||Center for Regional and Local Development Studies|
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