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Landscape Approach, Non-Carbon Benefits and Institutional Arrangements for Effective Redd+ Implementation In Ethiopia

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dc.contributor.advisor Soromessa, Teshome (PhD)
dc.contributor.author Nune, Sisay
dc.date.accessioned 2019-04-09T07:24:38Z
dc.date.available 2019-04-09T07:24:38Z
dc.date.issued 2018-03-03
dc.identifier.uri http://etd.aau.edu.et/handle/123456789/17693
dc.description.abstract Landscape Approach, Non-Carbon Benefits and Institutional Arrangement for Effective REDD+ Implementation Sisay Nune Hailemariam Addis Ababa University, 2018 Landscape approach (LA) and Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD+) are relevant to achieve Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) #13 & # 15, and limit global temperature below 2 °C. Institutional arrangements (IAs) and addressing forest Non-Carbon Benefits (NCBs) can determine success in implementation of LA and REDD+. Additionally, taking the emerging concept of Green Infrastructure (GI) into planning and implementation of urban and rural development agendas can contribute to address adverse impacts of climate change. Currently, sectoral planning and implementation dominate in Ethiopia, contributing to only the economic sector while undermining environmental and social benefits. The objectives of the study were (i) to analyze land use and land cover change (LULCC) between 1985 and 2015 in BMER, (ii) assess and document NCBs; (iii) assess GI in BMER urban centers in brief; and (iv) assess IAs to better inform decision makers to avail conducive policy for effective LA. Bale Mountains, Southwest and Siemen Eco-Regions from southeastern, southwestern and northern Ethiopia, respectively, were included in the study. Landsat images of 1985, 1995, 2005 and 2015 were acquired for the LULCC study employing remote sensing and GIS. For the same periods, socioeconomic data were gathered from Central Statistics Agency. Additionally, focus group discussions and household surveys were conducted. Results showed that farmland and urban settlement expansion were major drivers of LULCC. Forests lost 123,751 ha (15.8%) while farmland gained 292,294 ha (approx. 33%). About 10 forest products and services were mentioned by the respondents as important NCBs. The contribution of NCBs to the household economy ranged from 10 to 51%. It is argued that landscape approach, NCBs and GI are important tools or strategies to achieve various goals, such as SDGs and REDD+. IAs play pivotal role even though the results showed presence of huge gaps in capacity. REDD+ can be achieved provided that: (a) proper and regular monitoring of LULCC is made to address drivers outside the forest sector; (b) forest governance system responds to the interest of the actors in a landscape and the role of NCBs is properly accounted for and valued; (c) capable and dedicated IAs are put in place. The need for developing a system to account for non-carbon benefits and environmental services as well as indicators for landscape approach is recommended. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Addis Ababa University en_US
dc.subject Landscape approach en_US
dc.subject REDD en_US
dc.subject Non-carbon Benefits en_US
dc.subject Green Infrastructure en_US
dc.subject Institutional arrangements en_US
dc.subject land use and land cover dynamics en_US
dc.title Landscape Approach, Non-Carbon Benefits and Institutional Arrangements for Effective Redd+ Implementation In Ethiopia en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US

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