|Title:||The Challenges and Prospects of|
Aynalem, Kassa Debay
|Abstract:||The provision of improved water supply service is a basic need, human right and a prerequisite for development. However, millions of people are still unable to obtain adequate potable water particularly in rural areas that deserve special attention. In order to meet the demand, a distant piped water supplies to rural areas is emerging as an option where local water sources are scarce, contaminated or high level of service demand due to change of the life style and population pressure. Hence, to benefit from the economies-of-scale, a distant piped water supply system is expected to serve multi-village. The performance of multi-village water supply system, however, becomes challenging and it rarely provide the planned level of services due to limited involvement of the community, low level of cost recovery, lack of adequate technical capacity, inappropriate institutional arrangements and environmental factors. On this thematic area, little work has been done so far about the current efforts, practices and challenges of multi-village water supply system at national level. To this end, this research tries to assess and analyze practices, challenges and prospects of multi-village rural water supply system. This study is conducted in Hitosa Multi-village Rural Water Supply system of Oromia Regional State. It employed multistage techniques: purposive, stratified and simple random sampling to select the WS system, the beneficiary kebleles and the HH survey respondents. The system serves 19 rural kebeles and three towns. All rural kebeles are involved in the sampling frame. The beneficiary kebeles are stratified based on agro-ecology, of which, 6 kebeles(32%) were purposively determined as sample kebeles and proportionally distributed. A total of 222households were studied. Household survey, Key Informant Interviews, Field Observations, and Focused Group Discussions are the main research instruments. Mixed types of data collection techniques are adopted to gather sufficient and relevant information for this study. Descriptive statistics were employed to generate frequency tables, averages, standard deviations and graphs. The study revealed that the performance of Hitosa community managed MV RWS system is substantial in terms of addressing the local acute water shortage. It was found out that the practices of large scale gravity water supply system have good lessons that could be replicated to other areas provided that a comprehensive study of the specific local condition is carried out. However, currently, there is suppressed supply that considerably influences the satisfaction of the community. This is due to dysfunctional and partial functional of public taps, availability of water for short period of time and low pressure, lack of quality spare parts and sustainable supply chain and failure of implementing different manuals and guidelines, weak financial management, lack of institutional legal entity, inadequacy of trainings and incentives for voluntaries members and lower salary scale for the recruited staff, and lack of finance for major replacement and new source development to meet the growing demand. Therefore, the study call for: establishing sustainable spare parts supply chain through private sector, implementing the existing rural water supply guidelines and manuals, ensure institutional legal entity, select the water committee in terms of capacity and commitment, provide adequate trainings and attractive incentives to the water committees, the water management board members and the recruited staff, review the Water Administration Office staff salary scale and maintain appropriate benefits, mobilize funds for major replacements and new source development, installing master water meter at the head of the water source, conducting a detail study on the water source status and due attention must be also given to protect the water source and develop appropriate monitoring and evaluation mechanism for short and long term plans so as to ensure the sustainability and the prospect of maintaining a service delivery of the system.|
|Appears in Collections:||Center for Rural Development Studies|
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