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Title: Prevalence of HIV and Level of Awareness in Four Different Districts of Dembecha Woreda, West Gojjam Zone, Amhara Region, Ethiopia
???metadata.dc.contributor.*???: Dr. Gurja Belay
Bimerew, Getachew
Keywords: HIV/AIDS;Prevalence;Dembecha;Woreda;Awareness
Issue Date: Aug-2017
Publisher: Addis Ababa University
Abstract: Acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) is a global epidemic which is caused by the virus called human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). It affects the immune system of the body of human beings and destroying the lives and livelihood of many people around the world. The main objective of the study was to determine the prevalence of HIV and level of awareness in four different districts of Dembecha Woreda, West Gojjam Zone, Amhara Region, Ethiopia. A retrospective study design was conducted from September to June, 2017. Purposive sampling technique was used to collect data from four health centers and simple random technique from informants of the people in these districts. Primary data were collected by using structured questionnaire and secondary data were collected by review of records at health centers. Data obtained were analyzed by using statistical packaging for social science (SPSS) version 16.0 software. Results obtained through frequency and percentage described that sex, marital status, age and awareness had significant on prevalence and level of awareness on HIV/AIDS. According to the secondary data obtained from health centers HIV positive females were 59.4% and males were 40.6%. So, females were more vulnerable than males. Majority of (77.5%) that lives with HIV virus were the productive age (15-49age) group in both sexes. The analyzed data indicated that HIV positivity is high among divorced and single individuals. Majority of the respondents (93.6%) had an idea on HIV/AIDS that it is not curable while (5.4%) had believed that it is a punishment given from supernatural power. A large number of respondents (46.8%) were agreed that a person who has HIV virus in his /her blood should keep secret from others. Three hundred seventy eight (93.6%) of the respondents said that unsafe sexual contact is the main transmission method of HIV virus from infected person to healthy person. So, still there have been misconceptions and lack of knowledge among the community on HIV/AIDS prevention and control mechanisms. Finally it was concluded that sex, age, marital status, and awareness were more important variables for the prevalence and level of awareness on HIV/AIDS.
Description: A Thesis Submitted To: The School Of Graduate Studies Of Addis Ababa Univristy College Of Natural Sciences Department Of Biology In Partial Fulfillment Of The Requirements For The Degree Of Masters In General Biology.
Appears in Collections:Thesis - Biology

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