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Title: The Impact of Fincha Sugar Factory Plantation Expansion on Forest Covers Change and Wildlife Specifically on Large Mammals
???metadata.dc.contributor.*???: Dr. Habte Jebessa
Deressa, Alemayehu
Keywords: Large Scale Agriculture;Land use;Land Cover;Loss of Wild Life;Environmental Impact
Issue Date: Aug-2017
Publisher: Addis Ababa University
Abstract: Large scale agriculture uses agricultural machinery to mechanize the practices of agriculture. It is one of the leading causes for the loss of forest and wildlife in many countries including our country, Ethiopia. Information on forest cover change that occurred from 1972 to 2000 in Fincha valley was compared with the present time using GIS and remote sensing method. Key informants, focal group’s discussion and observation methods were used. Because of the limited resources only some environmental parameters were selected. These parameters are forest cover change, wildlife, and climate. The Shannon diversity index (H') and rate of land use land cover change analysis were used to detect the spatial change of forest cover and wildlife in the study area. The highest and lowest plant diversity was seen at Neshe and east bank (H'= 1.57 and 0.95) respectively. The highest and lowest large mammals diversity was seen at Neshe and east bank (H'= 8.47 and 1.25) respectively. The result from rate of land use land cover change analysis indicated that agricultural land, built area and degraded land are increasing. However, the forest cover and wetland are declining. This is mainly due to the plantation expansion of Fincha sugar factory agricultural land and expansion of built area’s made in the area. As over twenty years rain fall, and temperature data indicated, no abrupt inclining or declining trend is observed that could tell the possible impacts of the project. This study was address relevant issues on the impact of large scale agriculture on forest and wildlife and provides recommendation which may contribute to the sustainability of natural forests and conservation of the wildlife habitat in the study area. Generally, despite the significance of the Fincha plantation expansion project, it has negative impact on forest coverage and wildlife habitat. This is evident from vegetation cover distraction, and migration and losses of large mammals. If the current condition continues the problems may out weight the benefits of the plantation expansion irrigation project. Thus in the project site and adjoining areas urgent environmental conservation is necessary. This helps to sustain the existing and revitalize the fading resources.
Description: A Thesis presented to the School of Graduate Studies of Addis Ababa University in partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the MSc in Biology.
Appears in Collections:Thesis - Biology

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