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Title: Socio-demographic variables and acculturation experience as correlates of social adjustment among Ethiopian migrant returnees from the kingdom of Saudi Arabia: the case of returnees in Kobo Woreda, North East Ethiopia
???metadata.dc.contributor.*???: Tamirie Andualem (PhD)
Dejen, Abrham
Keywords: Acculturation;Return Migrants,;Social Adjustment
Issue Date: Jun-2017
Publisher: Addis Ababa University
Abstract: According to IOM and ILO, return migration from KSA is becoming a daily observed phenomenon in Ethiopia specially, right after the implementation of the anti-illegal migration policy in 2013. Of all, Kobo Woreda in North Wollo is known to be the major sources of illegal migration to KSA and at the same time the residents of many return migrants. Given this, investigations aimed at quantitatively examining post return social adjustment conditions of returnees are scanty and efforts to address social adjustment conditions of return migrants is simultaneously minimal. This particular study examined social adjustment conditions of return migrants from KSA who currently reside in the District of Kobo, North Wollo. The study pursued a quantitative correlational research design; where two standardized tests (Social Adjustment Self Report Scale and APRICS acculturation scale) are employed to measure post return social adjustment conditions and acculturation experiences of return migrants respectively. Data was collected from 256 randomly selected returnees from four administrative Kebeles of Kobo Woreda. Both descriptive and inferential statistics were used to analyze the data. More importantly, Pearson’s product moment correlation, independent samples t-test, ANOVA, simple regression and multiple regression analysis techniques were used in the current study. Majority of the study participants had reported dysfunction in social adjustment and the five roles areas of social adjustment including , dysfunction in performing tasks in and outside of the home, engaging in social and leisure activities and forming meaningful relationship with their immediate and extended family members. Except gender, statistically significant difference was obtained both in the overall social adjustment score and the five dimensions of social adjustment as a function of return migrants age, economic condition, educational level, presence of children and acculturation experience. Among the different groups of return migrants, returnees within the lowest age category (17-26 years), returned with the least level of saving (less than 25,000 ETB), with relatively lower level of education and more acculturated to the host (KSA’s) culture were found to be experiencing dysfunction in social adjustment in the home land. Therefore the very importance of social reintegration of migrant returnees should be given due emphasis as equally important as reintegrating them in other structural dimensions.
Appears in Collections:Thesis - Social Psychology

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