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Title: Assessment of prevalence injuries and determinants among fire fighters of Fire, Emergency Prevention and Rescue Authority, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
???metadata.dc.contributor.*???: Dr. Abera Kumie (PhD, MD, MSc)
Hadush G/egziabher
Keywords: occupational related injury
Issue Date: Jun-2017
Publisher: AAU 2017
Abstract: Background Occupational injury is a global public health burden in developed and developing countries. The nature of a firefighter’s job is hazardous and involves rescuing people as well as preventing further escalation of dangerous situations. In US, 68,085 firefighter injuries reported in 2015. Majority injuries were falling (27.2%), Strain (27%) and hit by objects counts (9.0%). In Ethiopia, the prevalence of injury among fire fighters in fire and emergency is unknown. But in Addis Ababa, 452 fire-fighter injuries reported in between 2014 and 2016. This study investigated the prevalence and determinants of occupational injuries among workers in fire & emergency, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Objective: - To assess prevalence injuries and determinants among fire fighters in Addis Ababa Fire and Emergency Authority. Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted in Addis Ababa fire and emergency authority fire stations. Simple random sampling was used to take on 403 study participants. Data was collected using structured questioner by face to face interview. Data was cleaned using EPI info version 3.5.3 and analysed using SPSS version 20 statistical software. Frequency tables, graphs and descriptive summaries were used to describe the study variables. Bivariate and Multivariate logistic regression model with hierarchical entry analysis were performed. Results: A prevalence of 27% with [95% C.I: (26.79- 27.21)] respondents reported experienced occupational injuries during the past 12 months among workers of Addis Ababa fire and emergency. All injured respondents, 108 (100%) were hospitalized. Not using PPE, lack of safety & health training, sleeping disorder and lack of warning signs were significantly associated with occupational injuries. The odds of developing injury among fire fighters not using PPE was 3.8 times than those PPE users [AOR: 3.76, 95% CI: (2.23-6.36)]. The odds of developing injury among fire fighters with sleeping disorder was 2.6 times than those without sleeping disorder [AOR: 2.61, 95% CI: (1.53-4.46)]. Safety and Health training and Warning signs had also significantly contributed to the higher risks of occupational injuries. Conclusion and Recommendation: This study showed the prevalence injury was high not using PPE, lack of health & safety training, sleeping disorder and lack of warning signs were identified as risk factors. Therefore, safety and health training and proper using of PPE should be given due attention in the fire, emergency prevention and rescue authority.
Description: A Research Thesis Submitted To School of Graduate studies of Addis Ababa University, College of Health Sciences, School of Public Health in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree in Master of Public Health
Appears in Collections:Thesis - Public Health

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