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Title: Social Cohesion, Family Connectedness and HIV-Related Risk among Female Sex Workers
???metadata.dc.contributor.*???: Seleshi Zeleke (Dr)
Ephrata, Damtew
Keywords: family connectedness and HIV related risks
Issue Date: Jun-2017
Publisher: Addis Ababa University
Abstract: The objective of this study was to examine the relationship between social cohesion, family connectedness and HIV related risks of female sex workers in Arada sub city. A total of 235 respondents (232 hotel based female sex workers and 3 of their bosses/managers) participated in the study. The data were collected through questionnaire from 229 respondents and through indepth interview from other 3 sex workers and 3 of their bosses/managers. The social cohesiveness of the sex workers in Arada sub city was found to be negatively associated with HIV related risk in terms of condom consumption (r =.413, P<0.05), and with two of the other HIV related risks variables - being refused protection by the police (AOR=0.973, 95% CI: 0.948- 1.000) and not being tested for HIV in the last 12 months (AOR=0.941, 95% CI: 0.905-0.977). Family connectedness of the sex workers was negatively related with being afraid to seek health services (AOR=1.001, 95% CI: 0.975-1.027). No significant association was found between family connectedness and HIV related risk in terms of condom use or unprotected sex. The study also pointed out that the demographic variables - age and monthly income of the sex workers has a significant moderation effect on the relation between social cohesion and HIV related risk. Thus, the relationship between social cohesion and HIV related risk in terms of condom use differs among the age groups (Below 25 years, 25 - 35 years and 36 - 45 years) and sex worker’s income (Less than 500 birr, 500-1000 birr, 1001- 2000 birr, 2001-3500 birr, 3501 – 5000 birr and more than 5000 Birr). As the finding of the study indicated that social cohesion in some way can reduce some of the risk factors of HIV, the result suggests that different approaches and mechanisms have to be included on the existing interventions that can enhance the cohesiveness of the female sex workers. The study also recommends that family based interventions have to be introduced and implemented on the sex workers to help them reduce risks related with social discrimination.
Appears in Collections:Thesis - Educational Psychology

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