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Title: Wild Plant Use by Local Communities With in the“ Kwakuchinja” Wildlife Corridor in Tarangiremanyara Ecosystem, Tanzania
???metadata.dc.contributor.*???: Dr. Zemede Asfaw
Prof. Zerihun Woldu
Prof. Raphael Mwalyosi
Anita, Clara
Issue Date: Jul-2005
Publisher: Addis Ababa University
Abstract: The study was undertaken to investigate the utilization of wild plants by local communities along the Kwakuchinja wildlife corridor in Tarangire-Manyara ecosystem, Tanzania. To accomplish this, an ethno-botanical survey was carried out in the two villages found within the corridor, Minjingu and Vilima Vitatu. The surveys involved an assessment of plant use, preferred species and their availability. This was combined with vegetation study. Ecological stand parameters inside and outside the National Park were compared and related to the level of exploitation. This was done with special observation on the mentioned useful plants encountered in the field. Data analysis was aided by Computer Programs and Statistical packages including INSTAT, Microsoft excel and SPSS VI 1. The vegetation study revealed that the wood component in the study area was dominated by the genera Acacia, with highest abundance of Acacia tortilis and Acacia kirkii, while the field layer was predominantly Dactylocteniwn aegyptium and Themecla triandra. These were interspersed with a tree/shrub layer of Maerua triphylla among others. During ethnobotanical survey, 64 useful plant species were mentioned out of which only 24 were encountered in vegetation survey. The uses were altogether classified into eight categories and major uses were medicinal, construction, firewood and food. As expected, there was a clear pattern of species diversity following the level of disturbance, whereby plots closest to settlements, hence highest disturbance, had lowest diversity index and those relatively at a distance, with intermediate disturbance had comparatively the highest diversity. This pattern aligns with the Intermediate Disturbance Hypothesis, which states that diversity will be highest at sites that have had an intermediate frequency of disturbance and will be lower at sites that have experienced very high or very low disturbance frequencies.
Description: A Thesis Submitted to the School of Graduate Studies Addis Ababa University in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Master of Science in Dryland Biodiversity
Appears in Collections:Thesis-Plant Biology and Biodiversity Management

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