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Title: Freedom from torture, inhuman or degrading Treatment or punishment: the case of some selected Prisons of oromia national regional stat
???metadata.dc.contributor.*???: ATO Wondemagegn Tadesse (Lecturer, AAU, Faculty of Law)
Tesfaye, Tadesse
Keywords: fundamental rights under international human rights law
Issue Date: Mar-2011
Publisher: Addis Ababa University
Abstract: Freedom from torture, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment is one of the few fundamental rights under international human rights law prohibited without any derogation. Violations against this right will inevitability destruct the core theme of human dignity. All dominant Internationale and regional Inllnan rights law instruments such as UDHR, ICCPR, ACHPR, ACHR, ECHR and 1I10st importantly CAT, provide for the prohibition of violation againsl this ji-eedol1l in strict terms. States are under international obligation to ensure the protection of this ji-eedom in all circumstances. Ethiopia also, as a state party to most of these instruments, has a duty to realize the filii enjoyment of this ji-eedom under its territory. Oromia National Regional State is the largest region in Ethiopia that has the largest population sizepopulation all deserving the enjoyment of this freedom. On the other hand, prisons are places alleged to be notorious sites where the right of individuals to ji-eedom ji-om torture, inlnllnan or degrading treatment or pnnishment cml be vastly violated. Tile present work, therefore, evaluated the protection of this ji-eedom in some selected prisons of Oromia region in light of international human rights law. In doing so, the writer has analyzed various international, regional, and domestic legal instruments, and relevant cases dealing with the right. Afier defining the normative content of the right, the writer has assessed five prisonsWoliso, Shashemene, Ambo, Ziway, and Adama- and one center of training for prisoners- Dippo rAdama} Technical and Vocational Training Center. The data collection stage of the work has employed questioner, interview, and field observation as a method of gathering information ji-om prisoners, prison warders, and prison authorities in which more than 200 respondents have been consulted. After conducting serious analysis, the writer has, eventually, reached to the following findings: Except for mild cases of Dippo center of training, the treatment of prisoners in all prisons covered under the study is poor; especially prisoners are suffering ji-om impoverished conditions of accommodation, clothing and bedding, personal hygiene, medical care, sport and exercise, librmy and book, work, education and training, separation of categories, and lack of compliant procedures. There is grave violation against prisoners' right to ji-eedom ji-om torture, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment, except in Dippo center of training. There is no well organized training program on hllman rights and treatment of prisoners arranged for prison warders. There is no experience in which persons (prison warders or authorities) who violated this ji-eedom had been prosecuted. The work has, finally, recommended plausible solutions to strengthen the protection of this ji-eedom in these prisons.
Appears in Collections:Thesis - Law

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