|Title:||Urban expansion and its impact on the livelihood of peripheral farming communities: the case of kutaber town, amhara region, ethiopia|
|Keywords:||Urban expansion, peripheral farming communities|
|Abstract:||Currently, urban expansion is becoming a big problems in sub-Saharan African countries as they are expanded without well planed urbanization. Therefore, the objective of this study is to assess Urban Expansion and its Impact on Peripheral Farming Communities: the Case of Kutaber town, Amhara Region, Ethiopia. GIS and remote sensing were used to analyze the phenomena of agricultural land transformation into urban land use. Having employing the descriptive research methods, the researcher collected data based on survey on 145 households, those who were displaced and hence whose livelihood had been adversely affected. Research questionnaire, key informants' interviews, the researcher's participatory observation, GPS data, Satellite Image and documentary resources were tools to collect data. Data sources were of both quantitative and qualitative data collection. The change detection method has been applied to investigate LULCC. In order to achieve these, satellite data of Landsat TM for 1986, ETM for 2000 and 2016 have been obtained and processed using ERDAS IMAGINE 2013. The Maximum Likelihood Algorithm of Supervised Classification has been used to generate land use/land cover maps. For the accuracy of classified Land use/Land cover maps, a confusion matrix was used to derive overall accuracy and results were above the minimum and maximum threshold level. . The satellite image results show that built up areas increased by 32.887km2(38.025%), 18.36km2(21.228%) and 51.247km2 (59.254%) respectively in the first, the second and the entire study periods. While farm land, grass land, forest land, water body, shrub land and bare land decreased in both first, second and in the entire study periods, respondents who have income 41-50quintal decreased from 0.7% to 0%, 31-40quintals from 5.5% to 0.7%, 21-30quintal from 20% to 6.9% and 11-20quintal from 44.1% to 35.2%, and decreased livestock, before urban expansion these households had the an average oxen of 2.22, cows 2.83, sheep 13.72, and goats 10.47. But after then, currently, these households had the average oxen 0.92, cows 0.95, sheep 3.01 and goats 2.42 and increased displacement of the households who had been involved in farming.|
|Appears in Collections:||Thesis - Geography|
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