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Title: Assessment of Hypertension Treatment Pattern at Selected Health Facilities in Addis Ababa and Consumption of Antihypertensive Drugs
???metadata.dc.contributor.*???: Dr. Teferi Gedif
Dr. Fikru Tesfaye
Teshale, Mewael
Issue Date: Oct-2009
Publisher: Addis Ababa University
Abstract: Background: Hypertension along with other chronic diseases is on the rise in Ethiopia. In fact, the threats of non-communicable diseases are not emerging rather they are well advanced and causing double burden to the society along with infectious diseases. Unhealthy life style is the determinant for this dilemma. Needless to say, it needs timely intervention to tackle the problem. Despite of this fact, studies on hypertension are very few. This study assesses the treatment pattern to hypertension and consumption of antihypertensive drugs. Objective: To assess hypertension treatment pattern and consumption of antihypertensive drugs. Methodology: An institution based cross sectional study involving retrospective data collection techniques (record review for the last five years and exit interview) was conducted between September and October 2008. Results: The most commonly prescribed drugs either alone or in combination were methyldopa, nifedipine, hydrochlorothiazide, enalapril and atenolol. Treatment shift occurs frequently from therapeutic class to another on the basis of in effectiveness of the drug to adequately control blood pressure, reason not known and side effect. Monotherapy is favored regardless of sex. Furosemide is the most consumed antihypertensive drug and nifedipine ranks the first with regards to cost of sales of antihypertensive drugs. Conclusion and recommendations: Methyldopa, nifedipine, hydrochlorothiazide, enalapril and atenolol are widely used drugs for the treatment of hypertension which is in accord with standard treatment guideline of the country. Future longitudinal research should be done to describe consumption trend of antihypertensive drugs.
Description: A Thesis Submitted to the School of Graduate Studies of Addis Ababa University in Paritial Fullfilment of the Requirments for the Degree of Master of Science in Pharmacoepidemiology and Social Pharmacy
Appears in Collections:Thesis-Sport Science

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