|Title:||Sexual violence and the risk of HIV infection among VCT users in South Wollo zone, ANRS.|
|???metadata.dc.contributor.*???:||Dr Ngussie Deyassa (MD, MpH)|
|Keywords:||Violence against women is a major health and human rights|
|Abstract:||Abstract Introduction: sexual violence is one form of gender based violence which is the most silent epidemic; affect the health and life of women in the world. Because women have much less control over decision making, as a result of low status, and have less access to health and social services they are more vulnerable for violence and the risk of HIV infection. As a result of this gander based violence and HIV infection are the two most important factors which affect the health and wellbeing of women globally. Objective: The objective of this study is to assess the relationship between sexual violence and HIV infection among VCT user women in South Wollo Zone. Methods and Materials: A facility based cross sectional study was conducted using quantitative methods on a sample of 800 people living in seven selected districts of VCT centers of the south Wollo. Result: The quantitative study reveled that the prevalence of life time sexual violence, life time partner violence, and last 12 month partner violence was 34.6%. 32.3 and 10.5 % respectively. The prevalence of HIV among VCT users is 21.5%. Violence is significantly associated with the risk of HIV infection (life time sexual violence OR= 1.95, 95% CI =1.33- 2.86), last 12 month intimate partner violence (OR= 2.55, 95% CI=1.5- 4.33). Conclusion: The prevalence of sexual violence and the risk of HIV infection is higher among illiterate women. Therefore, women empowerment is an important tool to reduce both sexual violence and HIV/AIDS, which are the major public health problem.|
|Description:||A thesis submitted to the school of graduate studies in partial fulfillment of the requirements of The Degree of Masters of Public Health|
|Appears in Collections:||Thesis - Public Health|
|Fatuma Hassen.pdf||PUBLIC HEALTH||478.15 kB||Adobe PDF||View/Open|
Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.