AAU Institutional Repository

SERO-PREVALENCE AND ASSOCIATED RISK FACTORS OF CAMEL BRUCELLOSIS IN SELECTED DISTRICTS OF FAFAN ZONE, SOMALI REGION, EASTERN ETHIOPIA

Show simple item record

dc.contributor.advisor Dr. Fufa Abunna, Dr. Gezahegne Mamo
dc.contributor.author Mohammoud, Mohammed
dc.date.accessioned 2018-11-28T12:05:09Z
dc.date.available 2018-11-28T12:05:09Z
dc.date.issued 2017-06
dc.identifier.uri http://localhost:80/xmlui/handle/123456789/14645
dc.description MSc Thesis en_US
dc.description.abstract A cross-sectional study was conducted on 450 camels in 35 herds, from Oct, 2016 to April, 2017 with the aim of determining sero-prevalence and assessing the associated risk factors for camel Brucellosis in purposively selected three districts (Jigjiga, Babile and Gursum) of Fafan zone, Somali Regional state, Ethiopia. Among the districts, a total of 10 settlements or pastoral associations (Kebeles) (5 Kebeles from Babile, 3 Kebeles from Gursum and 2 Kebeles from Jigjiga district) were purposively selected based on distribution of camel population. Camels found in these settlements were the study population, where individual animals have been sampled using systematic random sampling. The overall sero-prevalence of Brucella in Fafan zone was 4.8% (95%, CI: 2.8−6.8). The seroprevalence with respect to district level was 10% (95%, CI: 1.7 − 18.7), 5.7% (95%, CI: 0.9 -10.5) and 1.9% (95%, CI: 0.007−0.0522) in Jigjiga, Gursum and Babile district, respectively. Univariate logistic regression analysis on potentially assumed associated risk factors against seroprevalence of brucellosis, showed a statistically significant difference in sex, age, districts, parity, herd sizes, camels that co-exist with other ruminants and reproductive disorder (abortion) (p<0.05). Furthermore, multivariable logistic regression analysis of the risk factors, revealed that the age, herd size and camels that are kept closely together with other ruminants with adjusted odds ratio (OR) of 3.3 (95%, CI: 1.58- 6.74), 4.6 (95%, CI: 2.66 - 8.10) and 11.4 (95%, CI: 1.39 - 85.46), respectively were the major risk factors for the occurrence of seropositivity to Brucella infection in camels. Moreover the questionnaire survey revealed that most respondents in the study area (67%) did not know about the transmission of Brucellosis. Therefore, this study provided the sero-prevalence status and associated risk factors for camel Brucellosis and also the local practices of pastoral communities that can potentially contribute to the spread of the disease to humans. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject Brucellosis en_US
dc.subject Camels en_US
dc.subject Fafan Zone en_US
dc.title SERO-PREVALENCE AND ASSOCIATED RISK FACTORS OF CAMEL BRUCELLOSIS IN SELECTED DISTRICTS OF FAFAN ZONE, SOMALI REGION, EASTERN ETHIOPIA en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US


Files in this item

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record

Search AAU-ETD


Browse

My Account