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Utilization of Hiv/Aids voluntary counseling and testing service and associated factors among government high school adolescents in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia an institution-based cross sectional study.

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dc.contributor.advisor Seme, Assefa (Dr.)
dc.contributor.author Ebiama, Lifanda
dc.date.accessioned 2018-11-16T07:49:29Z
dc.date.available 2018-11-16T07:49:29Z
dc.date.issued 2018-01
dc.identifier.uri http://localhost:80/xmlui/handle/123456789/14320
dc.description.abstract BACKGROUND: Voluntary Counseling and Testing (VCT) is a key component in the national HIV/AIDS prevention and control programs in sub-Saharan Africa. HIV/AIDS is the number one cause of death among adolescents in sub-Saharan Africa. Nevertheless, testing among adolescents remains very low. The 2016 EDHS shows in Ethiopia 74% of girls and 88% of boys aged 15 – 19 years have never been tested. However in Ethiopia HIV Counseling and Testing tends to be on the fall among adolesccents according to EDHS 2011 and 2016. The objective of this study is to determine the prevalence of Voluntary Counseling and Testing (VCT) of HIV/AIDS and associated factors among high school adolescents in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. METHODS: We carried out a cross-sectional study to assess the prevalence of VCT utilization and its associated faactors among high school adolescents aged 15 – 19 years in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia from February to April 2018. Our study participants were selected using simple random sampling technique. A self-administered structured and pre-tested questionnaire was used to collect data. Data was analyzed using SPSS 21. We used Descriptive statistics to describe the study population, bivariate analysis to determine the presence and strength of association and multivariable methods of data analysis to control for confounders; p<0.05 was considered statistically significant. RESULTS: Our study participants constituted 400 adolescents; 44% male, 56% female with a mean age of 17.2±1.3 years. 20.2% of our study participants were sexually active with the mean age of first sexual intercourse 16.3±1.5 years. The prevalence of VCT utilization was 35.8% and the associated factors were; Ever had sexual intercourse [AOR=2.09 (1.03, 4.26)], Availability of VCT services in or around the high school [AOR=1.85 (1.07, 3.18)], time on foot to nearest VCT center [AOR=3.74 (1.17, 12.0)], perception of stigma and discrimination [AOR=3.0 (1.79, 5.014)]. CONCLUSION: VCT utilization among high school adolescents was low. Accessibility, perceived stigma and discrimination remain major barriers to VCT utilization for adolescents. RECOMMENDATION: VCT services should be made available in schools and Campaigns to educate parents and adolescents on stigma and discrimination will improve VCT utilization. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher Addis Ababa Universty en_US
dc.subject Voluntary Counseling,HIV/AIDS en_US
dc.title Utilization of Hiv/Aids voluntary counseling and testing service and associated factors among government high school adolescents in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia an institution-based cross sectional study. en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US


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