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ISOLATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF POX VIRUS CIRCULATING IN SHEEP AND GOAT FROM OUTBREAK CASES OF ADEA BERGA DISTRICT, WEST SHOA ZONE, CENTRAL ETHIOPIA

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dc.contributor.advisor Dr. Fufa Abunna, Dr. BarbaraWeilnda
dc.contributor.author ABDI, ASSEFA
dc.date.accessioned 2018-11-15T08:40:53Z
dc.date.available 2018-11-15T08:40:53Z
dc.date.issued 2017-06
dc.identifier.uri http://localhost:80/xmlui/handle/123456789/14241
dc.description A Thesis submitted to the College of Veterinary Medicine and Agriculture of Addis Ababa University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Veterinary Science in Veterinary Epidemiology en_US
dc.description.abstract A cross-sectional study was conducted to isolate and characterize the pox viruses circulating in sheep and goats from outbreak cases of Adea Berga district from November 2015 to March 2017 using tissue culture and PCR. The study was employed questionnaire, outbreak search, virus isolation and molecular characterization. The questionnaire survey indicated that sheep and goat pox was the most common disease in all study areas and the disease was frequently seen during the long rainy (Ganna) and short rainy (Afrasa) seasons. A total of 600 sheep and goats (412 sheep and 188 goats) from ten Peasant Associations (in which the outbreaks were occurred) were clinically examined for the presence of pox lesions on their skin. Out of these, 137(33.3%) sheep and 51(27%) goats had pox lesions on their skin. The overall morbidity and mortality proportion of sheep and goat pox was 31.3% and 4.5%, respectively. High mortality rate was observed in young age groups with odd ratio 1.90 at 95% CI (P < 0.05) as compared to adult. From 27 tissue sample collected, the virus was isolated from 25 skin samples (13 sheep and 12 goats). The tissue culture showed a typical characteristic of pox virus: cytopathic effect of cell syncytia, ballooning, aggregation and detaching of cells on Vero cell culture. Similarly, the conventional PCR revealed that 25 out of 27 tested samples were positive by developing band size of 172bp (goat pox virus) whereas two of them could not produce any band size on gel electrophoresis. Even though the existing knowledge suggested that Capri pox virus is strictly host specific. The current study PCR result confirmed that sheep were affected by goat pox virus similarly to goats and hence classification of pox virus based on infected host in small ruminant has been found to be inconclusive. Thus, genotyping of the isolates should be conducted carefully instead of naming the virus genotype based on the name of animals from which the samples has been collected. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject Adea Berga en_US
dc.subject Sheep and Goat en_US
dc.subject Pox virus en_US
dc.subject Seasonal calendar en_US
dc.title ISOLATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF POX VIRUS CIRCULATING IN SHEEP AND GOAT FROM OUTBREAK CASES OF ADEA BERGA DISTRICT, WEST SHOA ZONE, CENTRAL ETHIOPIA en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US


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