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Title: The Level of Depression and Self Esteem among Institutionalized and Non-Institutionalized Orphan Children
???metadata.dc.contributor.*???: .Dame (Dr)
Eyerusalem, Hadush
Keywords: non-institutionalized orphan children.
Issue Date: Jun-2015
Publisher: Addis Ababa University
Abstract: The aim of this study was to examine the level of depression and self- esteem among institutionalized and non-institutionalized orphan children. Participants of this study were 112 orphan children from the institution and 84 orphan children from non -institution selected randomly. Totally, 196 orphan children participated in the study. Data about participants were collected through questionnaire. Data were analyzed using both descriptive(percentage, mean and SD) and inferential statistical methods such as independent t- test and ANOVA. The results revealed that there is a significant difference between institutionalized and non- institutionalized children in their level of depression. Institutionalized orphan children obtained higher score on depression scale than non- institutionalized orphan children. On the other hand, non- institutionalized children obtained high score on self -esteem scale than their counterparts of institutionalized orphan children. Age of respondents has a significant impact on variation of depression level. Meaning,orphan children’s found between 10-14 age categories were scored high on depression scale than their counter parts of children whose their age categories are found between 15-18. There is also statistically significant interaction effect of age and living arrangement of children on their depression level. This tells us that, non- institutionalized children of age category between (10-14) are more depressed than their counter parts of children those whose their age categories are found between (15- 18). Orphan children of (15-18) age categories were scored high on self- esteem scale than their counter parts of children who’s their age categories are found between (10-14).finally practical implications of the findings are presented
Appears in Collections:Thesis - Educational Psychology

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