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Financial Performance analysis of Commercial Banks in Ethiopia: A CAMEL Approach

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dc.contributor.advisor Abebaw, Kassie(Dr.)
dc.contributor.author Anteneh, Teshome
dc.date.accessioned 2018-11-05T07:02:44Z
dc.date.available 2018-11-05T07:02:44Z
dc.date.issued 2018-02
dc.identifier.uri http://localhost:80/xmlui/handle/123456789/13753
dc.description A Thesis Submitted to The Department of Accounting and Finance Presented in partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Master of Science in Accounting and Finance en_US
dc.description.abstract This study was focused on the area of financial performance analysis of commercial banks by using CAMEL approach in Ethiopian banking industry. The study was conducted on 11 commercial banks, by collecting data from their annual reports from year 2011 to 2016. The overall objective of this study was to analyze the effects of CAMEL variables, bank size and net interest margin on profitability measurements of return on asset and return on equity, to rank banks included under this study based on their financial performances and this study also aimed to investigate the interconnection between CAMEL ratios with profitability, late and early establishment of banks.. The study used quantitative approach from the three methods of conducting business and social research. This study used ROA and ROE as dependent variable and bank size and net interest margin as independent variable in addition to CAMEL variables. The researcher was used panel data for econometric analysis and descriptive statics for CAMEL ratios. Both the econometrics part and descriptive part were analyzed by descriptive analysis. Fixed effect regression analysis was also used to test the hypothesis and to determine the relative importance of each independent variable included in the CAMEL framework to explain dependent variables. During the ranking process by composite CAMEL, BUNA, ZB and ABAY was ranked from 1st to 3rd place which were established later. The econometric analysis showed that, asset quality, management efficiency, liquidity, size of the bank and net interest margin were significant variables to explain ROA, unlike capital adequacy and earning quality which were not significant variable. Similarly, capital adequacy, asset quality, management efficiency, liquidity, and net interest margin were significant variables to explain ROE, but earning quality and size of the bank were not significant variable to influence ROE. In general for banks whose capital adequacy, asset quality, management efficiency and liquidity position were low as compared to peer banks shall inject some capital, improve their asset quality, control their cost and control their liquidity position respectively in order not lose public trust. In connection with their determinant factor to increase return on equity banks shall give special attentions to asset quality, management efficiency, liquidity and net interest margin. Banks shall also concentrate on increasing their total asset by mobilizing deposit and converting the deposit to loan, as total asset or size of the bank is a determinant factor to increase return on asset, en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher A.A.U en_US
dc.subject CAMEL en_US
dc.subject Financial performance en_US
dc.title Financial Performance analysis of Commercial Banks in Ethiopia: A CAMEL Approach en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US


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