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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/13446
Title: The Influence Of Some Psychological Variables On Academic Achievement Of Students In High Schools, The Case Of Arsi Zone
???metadata.dc.contributor.*???: . Abraham Husain, (Dr)
Assefa, Tafa
Keywords: achievement motivation future
Issue Date: May-1998
Publisher: Addis Ababa University
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to find out the joint and relative contributions of locus of control, achievement motivation future time orientation, and sex to the prediction of academic achievement of high school students. Moreover, the study aimed at investigating (1) sex difiízrences in locus of control, achievement motivation, and future time orientation ,' (ii) the relation of these variables to the academic achievements of male and female students; (m) joint and relative contribution of these variables to the prediction of the academic achievement in each sex group. The subjects participated in this study were 303 regular (15 7 male and 146jemale) students of high schools in Arsi Region. The method used to sellect the subjects was stratified multi-stage samplíng. The instruments employed in data collection were Children 's Nowicki and Strickland Internal- External scale (Nowicki & Strickland _ 1973), achievement motivation questionnaire (Hermans, 1970), and future time orientation scale (Gjesme, 1979). Academic achievement scores of the subjects were secured from rosters. Multiple regression analysis, t-test, correlation, and correlation diflerence test were employed in the*7^1alysis of the data. Accordingly, the result of multiple regression analysis indicated that locus of control, achievement motivation, fiiture time orientation and sex have significant joint contributions to the prediction of high school students' academic achievement. However, further analysis of beta weights of each variable demonstrated that only sex and future time orientation have significant relative contribution to the prediction of the academic achievement of the group. With regard to sex diflerences in locus of control, achievement motivation, and future time orientation, t-test revealed non- significant diflerences between the two sex groups in these variables. According to the result of the correlation procedure, locus of control and future time orientation were significantly related to academic achievement of female students, while achievement motivation was not. On the other hand, non of the three variables was significantly related to the academic achievement of the male group; and hence there was no need of carrying out regression analysis for this group. As implied by correlation coeflicients, correlation difference test confirmed that locus of control and future time orientation were related to the academic achievements of female students more strongly than to those of male students. But the strength of relationship between achievement motivation and academic achievement was not significantly different for both sex groups. The result of multiple regression analysis on the data of female students showed that locus of control, achievement motivation ana' future time orientation had significant joint contribution to the prediction of academic achievement of this group. Nevertheless, further analysis of beta weíghts of each variable revealed that only future time orientation has significant relative contribution to the prediction of the academic performances of this sex group. Discussions and conclusions have been made on the basis of these results. ' Finally, some implications were indicated for possible interventions and for fitrther inquiries.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/13446
Appears in Collections:Thesis - Educational Psychology

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