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Title: Determinants For Women's Employment Opportunities In Four Towns Of Ethiopia
???metadata.dc.contributor.*???: . Seyoum Teferra( Dr)
Worku, Getachew
Keywords: demographic behaviors on women 's
Issue Date: May-1997
Publisher: Addis Ababa University
Abstract: The primary concern of this study was to determine the influences of socioeconomic and demographic behaviors on women 's employment status. To meet the objectivc of the study, both parental socioeconomic backgrounds and personal attributes were treated. These include the effects of parental education, parental occupation, one 's educational attainment, age, marital status and presence of children. The data collected through questionnaire from a total of 432 women (220 unemployed and 212 employed) was analysed using percentages and logistic regression statistical techniques. The findings have shown that employment opportunities were the results of both svcioeconomic and demographic positions of women. Socioeconomic factors were found important to explain women 's labour market relation to the demographic situations. The results further revealed that whether women are either in the employed or unemployed status was primarily determined by educational attainment. In relation to this, uneducated women were found to hardly compete with regular salaried employees who are equipped with better educational qualifications. Marita] status and presence of children were also found to be the most influential demographic _ factors that limit women 's employment opportunities as wage earners. Married women were highly unlikely to be employed compared with unmarried ones. Similarly women with children of pre-school age were diflerentiated from those with no child (ren) by their employment status. The proportion of employed and unemployed women when analysed by mother 's education and father 's occupation was not also found significantly diflerent. Similarly age has been found to be a less salient factor in the prediction of women 's situation in the job market. In general, women 's paid labour force activity in the formal sector varies both by socioeconomic backgrounds and demographic characteristics. The outcome depends upon the strength of the eflects of the predictor variables. The findings, therefore, suggest that adjusting such variables may bring reasonable improvement in women 's employment status. At the end, based on the findings and the conclusion drawn, recommendations were made regarding the needs for expansion of schools, particularly in rural areas, delaying of first marríage. involvement of government institutions and NGOs in providing childcare centres, and state-fimded helpers for employed women.
Appears in Collections:Thesis - Educational Psychology

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