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Title: A Survey Study Of In-School F Actors Af Fecting Quality Of Education In Secondary Schools In Oromia
???metadata.dc.contributor.*???: Seyoum Teferra, (Professor)
Yohannes, Benti
Keywords: Quality education is very important
Issue Date: Jun-2005
Publisher: Addis Ababa University
Abstract: Quality education is very important for social, cultural and economic development. lt is a vital instrument in the creation ofa modern economy. However, quality of education is influenced by the complex set of external and internal factors, which negatively influence instructional activity. The purpose of this study was, therefore, to examine the impact of the main in school factors, which affect the quality of secondary education in Oromia region. The sample consisted of 798 students, 283 teachers and eighteen secondary schools principals drawn from eighteen sample schools as well as nine supervisors from woreda and zone education offices in the three zones (East showa, East Wollega and East Hararge) of the region. Regarding the respondents teachers and students from each sample school and supervisors from the three zones were selected randomly. But principals from each sample schools and purposely selected. In addition, observations were used to compare the response of the respondents with what is actually available in the schools. To carry out the study a descriptive survey method was used. To gather the necessary data questionnaire (open-ended and close-ended), interview, observation and documents were the main instruments employed. Instruments were analyzed in percentage and chi-square was used to test the degree of differences among the respondents. The results obtained from the study showed that, the main in school factors that affected quality of secondary education were poor ability of the students in the language of instruction, irrelevance and difficulty of the curriculum content, shortage of qualified teachers and overcrowded nature of the classrooms. In addition, in sufficiency of school facilities in the services they provide, shortage of textbooks and incompetence of school principals were among the factors, which contributed to the low level of quality of education. Furthermore, the main reason for shortage of qualified teachers in the region was found to be high turnover. The findings of the study also suggested that half ofthe principals in the sample schools were below the minimum required qualification set by the Ministry of Education. ln addition, only one of these principals was a diploma graduate in school administration and all the remaining were subject area graduates. Based on the findings and conclusions, recommendations are made to alleviate the existing problems. Accordingly encouraging private investors to open private schools, encouraging community involvement in supplying school facilities, improving method of teaching English at primary as well as secondary schools, encouraging students to debate on some issues through English language, encouraging private investors to publish textbooks so that books would be available on sale for interested consumers, motivating teachers by providing various incentives, introduction of quality assurance mechanisms to the secondary schools, and others which are assumed to solve the identified problems were recommended.
Appears in Collections:Thesis - Educational Research & Development

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