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Title: The Role of Moisture Scheme in Regional Climate Modelling of Precipitation over the Horn of Africa
???metadata.dc.contributor.*???: Dr. Gizaw Mengistu
Abebe, Kebede
Keywords: Regional Climate Model;Moisture Scheme
Issue Date: Jun-2011
Publisher: Addis Ababa University
Abstract: This study aims to improve the capability of the latest Regional Climate Model version 4 (RegCM4) to simulate the precipitation over the Horn of Africa. Although there are several aspects in which the model can be improved, the focus of this study is to tackle the problem of its moisture scheme. RegCM4 moisture scheme has fourteen moisture scheme parameters, which can be tuned within the allowed physical limits. Each of the 14 moisture parameters have been varied around the current default setting and over 80 model runs have been performed, for a domain de ned by 60km resolution, 18 vertical levels covering nearly the whole Africa geographycally and major circulation patterns that derive climate over the region. We have found physical sound set of parameters to be used in the fourteen moisture scheme parameters that have sigini cantly reduced bias in RegCM4 pricipitation; improved correlation of RegCM4 precipitation with respect GPCP and CMAP; and captured seasonal and interannual variations over most of the 12 delineated homogeneous regions of Horn of Africa.
Description: A Thesis Presented to the School of Graduate Studies Addis Ababa University in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Master of Science in Physics.
Appears in Collections:Thesis - Physics

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