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Title: Legislative Measures for Effective Implementation of CRPD in Ethiopia: A critical assessment
???metadata.dc.contributor.*???: Biniyam M.Dawitt (Dr.)
Demoz, Kassie
Keywords: WHO /World Bank World report
Issue Date: Dec-2012
Publisher: Addis Ababa University
Abstract: It is self-evident that Persons witl1 disabilities retnain amongst the most marginalized in every society. Regard/ess of a country 's human rights or economic situation, they are generally the last in line to have their human rights respeeted. WHO /World Bank World report on disability of 201] estimates that over one billion persons - meaning approximately 15 per cent of the world 's total population - sufler from some type of disability. Over two thirds of them live in developing countries. Not being an exception to this fact, significant number ofpersons with disabilities found in Ethiopia. Since other international human rights instruments have not protected adequately the rights of persons with disabílities there was a need to have a specific convention tailored for persons with disabilities. The principal arguments for a disability-specific convention are to make it visible, specific, ejfective, and comprehensive and to assure equality. Models of disabiliry provide a perspective on the rationale for the policies and programs developed for, with, and by people with disabilities. Similar to other international human rights instruments, article 4 of the CRPD makes specific reference to the obligation of States parties to adopt legislative measures as a matter of general obligation. Taking legislative measures is one of the most significant forward steps for the realization of rights of persons with disability. Among these adopting legislative measures abolishing any laws which are directly in conflict with the rights of persons with disabilities is the prior measure. In this regard this research finds that Ethiopia has various laws (civil code, criminal code, labour law, and charity proclamation, laws on accessibility of education, health, buildings, transport, justice and mass media and information technology) that need to be repealed since these laws are incompatible with the CRPD. Like other antidiscrimination lawsfailure to provide reasonable accommodation amounts to discrimination. Provision of reasonable accommodation is not a special favor to persons with disabilities rather it is a means to give an equal opportunity so that they can exercise their rights.
Appears in Collections:Thesis - Law

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