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An Assessment of Community Management of Rural Water Supply Schemes: The Case of Eight Peasants Associations in North Gondar Zone

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dc.contributor.advisor Teshome, Woldeab (PhD)
dc.contributor.author Azmeraw, Alemu
dc.date.accessioned 2018-10-10T13:57:44Z
dc.date.available 2018-10-10T13:57:44Z
dc.date.issued 2006
dc.identifier.uri http://localhost:80/xmlui/handle/123456789/12578
dc.description.abstract Due to an entire dependence on unsafe water sources, the larger proportions of rural residents in the target eight PAs have been subjected to water-associated morbidity and mortality. This situation was exacerbated by absence of latrine and inadequacy of hygienic practices of rural inhabitants. Recently, with the aid of few NGOs, some interventions have been made to provide safe water to the rural dwellers, in cooperation with the Amhara regional state and the community. These NGOs develop water points, and finally transfer them to WA TSAN committees so as to fill the institutional gap at the grassroots. The general emphasis of this study was to assess the situations of community management after water points were handed over to users. The particular focus, however, was on technical, social, institutional, and financial aspects of schemes in the target PAs, such as Dabat Zuria, Chilla, Alem Tsehai (A TS) or Bihona, Eyaho Serava (EYS), Tsehai Egir Cherkas (TEC), Darna Womberdi (OW), Saina Sabia (SS), and Azezo Tekle Haimanot (A TH) in north Gondar zone. The results of the study revealed that improved water points have not been managed as envisaged due to shortcomings in the approaches followed by interventionists, inadequacy of the emphasis given to the software aspects, and low level of commitment and participation in managing these schemes. Except at Sera va, which is a growing small town in Chilga woreda, WA TSAN committees.have ceased to function in the other PAs. As a result, service fees have not been collected. They do not have financial record system and bank accounts. Out of twenty improved water points, eighteen gravity points have faced breakages of various kinds due to problems in operation and management. Most of these points were not maintained due to financial constraints to cover maintenance expenses. Furthermore, users manifest dependency feelings in that they require the government to maintain broken points. Despite the major community management deficiencies, most users in the study areas utilize improved water points. Vulnerable community members in all study areas use water for free. Participation of women had been good during the construction of improved points, but currently, they only participate as collectors. The institutional arrangement was found vel}' poor. There is no cooperation and integration among WA TSAN committees, woreda water desks, and zonal water department. These water offices have shown inadequate capacities to contribute to the continued functioning of improved points. There has been inadequate monitoring and support from local water offices to WATSAN committees. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Addis Ababa University en_US
dc.subject Community Management of en_US
dc.subject Rural Water Supply Schemes en_US
dc.title An Assessment of Community Management of Rural Water Supply Schemes: The Case of Eight Peasants Associations in North Gondar Zone en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US

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