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Title: Language Policy In Ethiopia: The Interplay And Tensions Between Language Policy And Practices
???metadata.dc.contributor.*???: Berhanu Bogale (Dr)
Mekonnen, Alemu
Keywords: Language Policy;Ideology, Language Practice,
Issue Date: Nov-2015
Publisher: Addis Ababa University
Abstract: Given the Pre- and Post-1991 Sociopolitical and Historical Contexts of Ethiopia, the emergence and thus the promulgation of Official or De Jure Multilingual policies and ideologies have led to De Facto Monolingual policies and ideologies in Centralized or Decentralized systems. Yet, these de facto hegemonic policies or practices have led to the emergence of counter-hegemonic policies or practices. Taking these contextual LPP processes, this study aimed at examining the interplays and tensions between language policy and language practices within the LPP contextual processes. In examining so, the study employed qualitative research methodology with an ethnographic research design and CDA method of analyses which are crucial to illuminate micro-level LPP processes and their constructs vis-à-vis macro-level LPP processes and their constructs. The study, thus, revealed that although multilingual policies are officially proclaimed, language policy, being an ideological construct, restrictive or hegemonic language policies are perpetuated or maintained in practice. It also found out that such residual resistance to pluralism emanated from the dominant group’s interest, instructionally rooted practices, ideologies, mechanisms and agents-which have had explicit and/or implicit manifestations. Yet, the study also found out that even though the majority or dominant language groups continued to perpetuate hegemonic language policy so as to maintain their language based dominance and ideology, individuals or groups from the minority (e.g. activists, educators) continued to struggle and gain their language spaces and rights by creating micro-level resistance language policy processes, and mechanisms which influenced or affected the macro-level de facto hegemonic language policies. Finally, the study concluded that LPP, being a dynamic multilayered contextual process, is difficult to understand a ‘Real’ language policy of a polity just from the official or de jure language policy or ideology since the official language policy often underpins or is underpinned by overt and/or covert language policies, practices, ideologies, mechanisms and agents which are the key constructs of the Proposed Theoretical Framework- Ideology as a Locus of Language Policy.
Appears in Collections:ILS Proceedings - The 19th Annual Conference

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