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???metadata.dc.contributor.*???: Prof. Berhan Tamir
Mulugeta, Berihu
Keywords: Pig production;Constraint;Small scale intensive
Issue Date: May-2016
Abstract: The objective of this study was to investigate the performance, management practices, and marketing practices, and associated factors limiting small scale intensive pig production in East Shewa of Central Ethiopia. The study used structured questionnaire administered to 105 household pig farmers, randomly selected from three towns namely, Addis Ababa (2 sub cities), Bishoftu (4 kebeles) and Adama (4 kebeles). Focus group discussions were also employed to check the reliability of the information obtained through questionnaire interview. Data generated included production purposes, socioeconomic profile, farm characteristics, feed types, feed sources, health practices, marketing practices and constraints. Data were analyzed using one way ANOVA, chisquare, Fishers exact test, index ranking and descriptive statistics. The results indicated that the mean farm experience in years (P<0.05), mean farm size in hectare (P<0.05) and average number of pigs (P<0.05) per household were higher in Bishoftu town than in Addis Ababa and Adama towns. A higher (P<0.05) percentage of wealthy households were detected in Bishoftu (65%) compared to households in Addis Ababa (48.6%) and Adama (33.3%). Brick walled housing was utilized by significantly higher (P<0.05) percentages of respondents in Bishoftu (30%) compared to Addis Ababa (11.4%) and Adama (10%) towns. The percentages of households practicing feet and wheel bath were significantly higher (P<0.05) in Bishoftu town (85 and 22.5%) than in Addis Ababa (20 and 2.9%) and Adama (20 and 3.3%) towns. The prevalence of diseases and constraints to pig production were dependent on the context of the towns i.e. mastitis was ranked 2nd in Addis Ababa while 6th in Bishoftu and 3rd in Adama. Land scarcity had the highest rank value (4th) in Addis Ababa while the lowest rank value in Adama (7th) and Bishoftu (8th). The results of the study revealed that the dominant type of pig enterprise was mixed type of operation. Significantly higher (p<0.01) number of pig producers in Bishoftu town utilized commercial feeds than Addis Ababa and Adama towns. The amount of feed offered to individual pig category, i.e. piglet, weaned, grower, sow, boar and fattener was significantly higher (p<0.01) in Bishoftu compared to feed offered in Addis Ababa and Adama. The EE% and ME% contents of homemade feeds in Bishoftu were greater than Addis Ababa and Adama. The crude protein content of homemade feeds of Adama was lower compared to homemade feeds of Bishoftu and Addis Ababa. The crude fiber content of the composite feeds in Bishoftu was lower than Addis Ababa and Adama. The body condition scores of piglets, weaned, growers, boars and fatteners were significantly higher (p<0.01) in Bishiftu than in Addis Ababa and Adama. The mean services per conception age at first service and pre-weaning piglet mortality of pigs in Addis Ababa and Adama were greater (p<0.05) than the value obtained in Bishoftu. The mean number of furrowing/sow/year litter size at weaning live weight at birth and at weaning were significantly (p<0.05) greater in Bishoftu compared to in Addis Ababba and Adama. There were significantly shorter (p<0.05) fattening period and higher (p<0.05) market weight of pigs in Bishoftu than in Addis Ababa and Adama. Weighting balace was employed by higher (p<0.05) percentage of respondents in Addis Ababa and Bishoftu than in Adama. The number of respondents which sold live pig were larger (p<0.05) in Addis Ababa and Adama than in Bishoftu. The mean price of live pig per kg was higher (p<0.05) in Addis Ababa (89.86±1.91) and Bishoftu (89.25±2.67) than Adama (69.3±4.5). Correspondingly, the average price of pork per kg was larger (p<0.05) in Addis Ababa (119±2.8) and Bishoftu (119.3±2.7) than Adama (98.3±3.8). The study indicated that there were remarkable variations among the study sites in terms of management, feed characteristics, reproduction and fattening performances, marketing practices and challenges of piggery. Thus, context specific development interventions should be designed and implemented to increase productivity of pigs and thereby improve the income and livelihood of small scale intensive pig keepers.
Description: A Thesis submitted to the College of Veterinary Medicine and Agriculture of Addis Ababa University in fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy in Animal Production
Appears in Collections:Thesis - Tropical Veternery Medicine

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