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Assessing the Challenges of Sustainable Water Supply in the Harari Region: The case of Harar town

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dc.contributor.advisor Fesseha, Mulugeta (PhD)
dc.contributor.author Zemenay, Asnake
dc.date.accessioned 2018-08-10T06:41:27Z
dc.date.available 2018-08-10T06:41:27Z
dc.date.issued 2012-06
dc.identifier.uri http://localhost:80/xmlui/handle/123456789/11510
dc.description.abstract This study provides empirical findings on challenges of sustainable water supply systems in Harar town. Harar town has been experiencing multiple problems in getting potable water supply in adequate quantity and quality. Even if after the installation of the modern Dire Jara water supply system which has expanded its service by drilling a number of boreholes, still the demand is not sat isfied and a number of people do not have access to adequate amount of potable water. Descriptive statist ics on major household characterist ics (household size, age, sex, marital status, educational level and income source) and key aspects or checklists of sustainability (bases for water delivery, responsibility to fetch, the satisfaction le vel of the existing water supply systems, efficiency and equity of water supply management service, and water tariff setting) and water supply coverage were discussed. The study has confirmed that Harar town water supply service could' not cover the demand of the town with present existing capacity. At present the coverage of water supply is only 40 percent in terms of population. All areas of the town could not get equal and proportional service. Central parts get more water supplies while the peripheral areas remain without water. In addition to this, the tariff set is neither affordable for the majority nor generates sufficient revenue to sustain the service. The majority of victims of the problem are the poor as they cannot afford cOlmection charges. As a result, they are exposed to unprotected sources and buy water from vendors at high price. The rogt causes of the challenging problems are institutional, financial, human and material resource constraints. Taking this into consideration government has been implementing short, intermediate and long term plans in order to alleviate the problem. The major copping strategies for the challenges are synclu'onizing different water sources, conserving water soW'ces, fam ily planning, demand management, demand oriented supply, participating different actors, mobilizing financial resources, and staffing organizational structW'e with sk illed persormel and equipping it with material facilities. Key words: Water supply, demand for water, production, distribution, consumption, tariff, willingness to pay, cost recovery: Harar. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Addis Ababa University en_US
dc.subject Water supply en_US
dc.subject demand for water en_US
dc.subject production en_US
dc.subject distribution en_US
dc.subject consumption en_US
dc.subject tariff en_US
dc.subject willingness to pay en_US
dc.subject cost recovery en_US
dc.subject Harar en_US
dc.title Assessing the Challenges of Sustainable Water Supply in the Harari Region: The case of Harar town en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US

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