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Title: Woody Species Composition of Dilfaqar Regional Park and Its Socioeconomic Importance
???metadata.dc.contributor.*???: Dereje, Mekonnen
Issue Date: 7-Sep-2007
Publisher: Addis Ababa University
Abstract: This Study was conducted in Dilfaqar Regional Park which is found in Doddota-Sire District, Arsi zone, Oromia Regional State with the aims to identify, describe the vegetation type, species diversity, as well as the importance and impacts of socioeconomic activities of the local people. Collection of vegetation data was made using systematic sampling methods, laying four transects and 41 plots. Plant specimens collected from field were identified at the National Herbarium of Addis Ababa University. Socio– economic data was collected through formal and informal discussion based on PRA techniques and semi-structured questionnaires. Vegetation data were analyzed using PCORD computer software, whereas socio-economic data were analyzed using descriptive statistics. The vegetation in the study area was sparsely distributed, and only 39 woody species representing 24 families were recorded. The most dominant species of the vegetation in Dilfaqar Regional Park were acacia species; as a result vegetation of the study area can be categorized under White (1983) as Somalia Massai Center of Endemism. Classification of the vegetation data resulted in four plant communities. The density of woody species was 1734ha-1. Beside this, the Shannon diversity index value was 2.877 and the evenness value was 0.785. Currently Dilfaqar is recognized as one of the Regional Parks within Oromia Regional State, where many numbers of wild animal made the enclosed area their habitat and rejuvenization of flora observed. About 95% of the interviewed member of the local communities had positive attitude toward enclosure of the area as park. But, some landless householder consider enclosure of Dilfaqar as Regional park as the reason for the limited access for grazing and farm land. More over the elder member of the local community were highly aware of the relationship between rehabilitation of forest and climatic change such as intensity of rain. The visibility of wildlife and interest of the local people due to grass for house covering they obtain, will ascertain the survival of the park. Since the area is highly degraded for along period of time as a result the conservation activities of Dilfaqar Regional Park should involve the collaboration of government, non governmental organizations as well as the local communities to enhance eco-tourism, rehabilitation and sustainable utilization of the resources in the study area.
Description: Thesis Submitted to School of Graduate Studies in Partial Fulfilment of the Requirements of the Degree of Masters in Dryland Biodiversitry
Appears in Collections:Thesis - Biology

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