|Title:||WATER HANDLING PRACTICES AND THEIR ASSOCIATION WITH CHILDHOOD DIARRHOEA|
|???metadata.dc.contributor.*???:||Ato. Gabre-Ernanuel Teka|
Dr. Mengistu Asnake
|Keywords:||WATER HANDLING PRACTICES|
|Abstract:||Acute childhood diarrhoea remains a major priority health problem in developing countries. It is either the first or second leading cause of childhood death in the developing world. This is largely the result of lack of access to safe water, poor environmental sanitation, and inadequate personal hygiene. In view of this, the aim of the present study is to document water handling practices and their association with childhood diarrhoea in the Garamuleta District of East Hararghe Region, Ethiopia. Water handling practices of families were documented for one month and subsequently the occurrence of diarrhoea was documented every two weeks over a 16 week period in 254 children under 6 years of age Descriptive features of the study population include: a mean crowding index of 4. 6 persons per room, a mean walking distance from the water source of 4.5 minutes, and a mean per capita water consumption of 7.6 litres. Follow-up home visits were conducted every two weeks over a 16 week period. The two week period prevalence for diarrhoea during these follow-up visits ranged from 2.4% to 14.8% with a mean of 9%, which corresponds to 0.6 episodes per child over 14 weeks or can be extrapolated to 2.3 episodes per child per year. Religion, site of water collection, time to fetch water, number of rooms in a household, mothers education, type of container, per capita water consumption, and age of the child were found to be significantly associated with the occurrence of diarrhoea. There was no statistical difference between "safe" and "unsafe" water handling exposure groups in the occurrence of diarrhoea. Based on the findings different associations are discussed and recommendations provided.|
|Appears in Collections:||Thesis - Public Health|
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