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Title: “FEEDING PROFILE AND DIARRHEA MORBIDITY AMONG INFANTS OF 7-12MONTHS” ADUA TOWN, TIGRAY, NORTH ETHIOPIA 2006
Authors: Getachew, Gezahegne
Advisors: NEGUSSIE DEYESSA (MD, MPH)
Copyright: 2006
Date Added: 8-May-2008
Publisher: Addis Ababa University
Abstract: ABSTRACT A community based cross-sectional study using a structured questionnaire was conducted from November 2005 to January 2006 in Adua town central zone of Tigray regional state to assess infant feeding profile, determinant factors affecting breast-feeding and prevalence of diarrhea morbidity in infants. Six hundred and ninety six mothers having infants in the age group 7-12 months were included in this study and the Mean age of mothers was 25.7 years (SD±5.68). Orthodox Christians accounted for 654 (94%) and the rest were Muslims. Three hundred and seventy nine (54.5%) were Male infants, 648 (93%) were on breast-feeding within the first 1hr and the rest 125 (18%) were not started weaning diet until the time of study. Two hundred and ninety one (41.8%) mothers exclusively breast-fed for six months. Overall, mean age of weaning was 5.59 (SD±1.34) months. Mother’s education was directly associated with exclusive breast-feeding practice (OR= 0.52; 95% CI, 0.25-0.94). Similarly husband’s occupation was significantly associated with exclusive breast-feeding (OR=0.66; 95% CI, 0.44-0.99) in private employed and (OR= 0.43; 95% CI, 0.21-0.91) in the un-employed husbands compared to the government-employed husbands. Prevalence of diarrhea was 26.35%, and odds of experiencing diarrhea was higher in infants from single mothers than in the married mothers (OR=2.50; 95% C.I, 1.55-4.02). Infants from un-employed fathers were also at higher odds of experiencing diarrhea than the infants from employed fathers (OR= 3.45; 95% CI, 1.56-7.68). A higher proportion of infants who were not exclusively breast-fed developed diarrhea compared to those who were exclusively breast-fed that is 29.9% and 21.6% respectively.In our study, weaning and exclusive breast-feeding was relatively good, but a considerable proportion of infants were not on weaning diet until the time of study. Over a quarter of infants in the town are suffering from diarrheal morbidity, it is highly pronounced in infants whose mothers are uneducated and unmarried. Infants from unemployed fathers were at higher odds of experiencing diarrhea than infants whose fathers were governmental employed. So as to address the existing diarrheal morbidity the district health office and local NGO’s should educate parents and equip parents with up to date information on benefits of breast-feeding, timing of weaning, infant care and feeding, and should work in harmony in the practice of infant feeding and controlling diarrhea in the town.
Description: A THESIS SUBMITTED TO FACULTY OF MEDICINE ADDIS ABABA UNIVERSITY IN PARTIAL FULFILMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE DEGREE OF MASTERS OF PUBLIC HEALTH
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/980
Appears in:Thesis - Public Health

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