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Title: THE MORPHOLOGY OF ENDEGAN
Authors: NEGA, EYASSU
Advisors: Professor Baye Yimam
Copyright: 2003
Date Added: 24-Apr-2008
Publisher: Addis Ababa University
Abstract: Chapter One Introduction 1.1. The language and the people -------------------------------------------------------- 1 1.2. Review of related literature ---------------------------------------------------------- 3 1.3.The present study --------------------------------------------------------------------- 8 1.4. Significance of the study ------------------------------------------------------------ 8 1.5.Methodology -------------------------------------------------------------------------- 9 1.6. Phonological preliminaries ---------------------------------------------------------- 9 1.6.1. Consonant phonemes ------------------------------------------------------- 9 1.6.2. The vowel phonemes ------------------------------------------------------- 12 1.6.3. Phonological Processes ----------------------------------------------------- 13 1.6.3.1. Vowel deletion ---------------------------------------------------- 13 1.6.3.2. Glide insertion ----------------------------------------------------- 13 1.6.3.3. Labialisation and Palatalization --------------------------------- 14 1.6.3.4. Devoicing ---------------------------------------------------------- 15 1.6.3.5. Spirantization ----------------------------------------------------- 16 1.6.3.6. Consonant Alternation ------------------------------------------- 16 Chapter Two 2.1. Noun Inflection ----------------------------------------------------------------------- 17 2.1.1. Number ----------------------------------------------------------------------- 17 2.1.2. Gender ------------------------------------------------------------------------ 18 2.1.3. Articles ------------------------------------------------------------------------ 19 2.1.3.1. Definite Article ------------------------------------------------ 20 2.1.3.2. Indefinite Article ---------------------------------------------- 21 ii 2.1.4. Case --------------------------------------------------------------------------- 22 2.1.4.1. Nominative case ---------------------------------------------- 23 2.1.4.2. Accusative Case ---------------------------------------------- 24 2.1.4.3.The genitive Case -------------------------------------------- 26 2.1.4.4. The dative case ----------------------------------------------- 29 2.1.5. Semantic Cases -------------------------------------------------------------- 30 2.1.5.1.Instrumental Case ------------------------------------------- 30 2.1.5.2.The ablative Case -------------------------------------------- 30 2.1.5.3.Locative Case ------------------------------------------------ 31 2.1.5.3.1. Destination (to) --------------------------------- 31 2.1.5.3.2. Static location------------------------------------ 32 2.1.5.4. Commutative------------------------------------------------- 33 2.2. Noun Derivation--------------------------------------------------------------------- 34 2.2.1 Abstract Nominals------------------------------------------------------------ 34 2.2.2 Gerundive Nominals--------------------------------------------------------- 36 2.2.3 Group identity Nominals---------------------------------------------------- 37 2.2.4 Agentive Nominals----------------------------------------------------------- 38 2.2.5 Result Nominals-------------------------------------------------------------- 38 2.2.5 Instrumental and Manner Nominals--------------------------------------- 39 CHAPTER THREE---------------------------------------------------------------------- 41 PRONOUNS------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 41 3.1 Independent Personal Pronouns -------------------------------------------------- 41 3.1.1 Inflection of Personal Pronouns------------------------------------------- 43 3.1.1.1 Person--------------------------------------------------------------- 43 3.1.1.2 Number------------------------------------------------------------- 43 3.1.1.3 Gender-------------------------------------------------------------- 43 3.2 Possessive suffix Pronouns-------------------------------------------------------- 44 3.3 Demonstrative Pronouns----------------------------------------------------------- 46 3.4 Reflexive Pronouns---------------------------------------------------------------- 46 3.5 Reciprocal Pronouns--------------------------------------------------------------- 48 3.6 Indefinite Pronoun----------------------------------------------------------------- 49 iii 3.7 Selective and Non- selective Pronouns------------------------------------------ 50 3.8 Exclusive Pronouns---------------------------------------------------------------- 51 3.9 Interrogative Pronouns------------------------------------------------------------ 51 CHAPTER FOUR---------------------------------------------------------------------- 54 VERBS Introduction----------------------------------------------------------------------------- 4.1 Types of verbs--------------------------------------------------------------------- 54 4.2 Stem classes----------------------------------------------------------------------- 56 4.3 Inflections-------------------------------------------------------------------------- 59 4.3.1 Pronominal Affixes------------------------------------------------------- 59 4.3.1.1Subject Pronominal Affixes------------------------------------- 59 4.3.1.2 Object Pronominal Affixes------------------------------------- 64 4.3.1.2.1. Direct object Affixes------------------------------ 64 4.3.1.1.2 Indirect object Affixes---------------------------- 69 4.4 Aspect, Tense and Mood-------------------------------------------------------- 72 4.4.1 Aspect---------------------------------------------------------------- 73 4.4.1.1 Perfective Aspect---------------------------------------------- 73 4.4.1.2 Imperfective Aspect ------------------------------------------ 74 4.4.2 Tense----------------------------------------------------------------------- 74 4.4.2.1 Simple Past Tense---------------------------------------------- 74 4.4.2.2 Remote Past Tense---------------------------------------------- 75 4.4.2.3 Past Progressive-------------------------------------------------- 76 4.4.2.4 Simple Present Tense-------------------------------------------- 76 4.4.2.5 Future Tense------------------------------------------------------ 77 4.4.2.5.2 Definite Future----------------------------------------- 78 4.4.2.5.3 Indefinite Future--------------------------------------- 79 4.5 Mood--------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 80 4.5.1 Jussive------------------------------------------------------------------------ 80 4.5.2 Imperative-------------------------------------------------------------------- 81 4.5.3 Conditionals------------------------------------------------------------------ 82 4.6 Negation------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 83 iv 4.6.1 Tense and Negation--------------------------------------------------------- 83 4.6.2 Negation in Present and Future Tense----------------------------------- 86 4.6.3 Mood and Negation-------------------------------------------------------- 88 4.7 Verb Derivation--------------------------------------------------------------------- 89 4.7.1 Simple Derivation---------------------------------------------------------- 90 4.7.1.1 Causatives---------------------------------------------------------- 90 4.7.1.2 Adjutative---------------------------------------------------------- 92 4.7.1.3 Reflexives and Passives------------------------------------------ 93 4.7.1.4 Intensive/ Frequentative------------------------------------------ 96 4.7.1.5 Reciprocal---------------------------------------------------------- 96 4.7.2 Complex Verbal Derivation----------------------------------------------- 98 4.7.2.1 Passive Frequentative--------------------------------------------- 98 4.7.2.2 Reciprocal Frequentative----------------------------------------- 99 4.7.2.3 Causative Reciprocal---------------------------------------------- 99 4.7.2.4 Causative Frequentative----------------------------------------- 101 4.7.2.5 Causative of Frequentative Reciprocal------------------------- 101 CHAPTER FIVE-------------------------------------------------------------------------- 104 ADJECTIVES AND ADVERBS-------------------------------------------------------- Introduction--------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 5.1 Adjectives------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 104 5.1.1 Inflection----------------------------------------------------------------------- 107 5.1.2 Derivation---------------------------------------------------------------------- 108 5.2 Adverbs--------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 110 5.2.1 Time Adverbs------------------------------------------------------------------ 110 5.2.2 Manner Adverbs--------------------------------------------------------------- 112 5.2.3 Frequency Adverbs------------------------------------------------------------ 113 5.2.4 Place Adverbs------------------------------------------------------------------ 114 5.2.5 Adverbs of Direction---------------------------------------------------------- 114 CHAPTER SIX------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Summary and Conclusion--------------------------------------------------------------------116 Bibliography----------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 120
Description: A Thesis Submitted to the School of Graduate Studies Addis Ababa University In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Master of Arts in Linguistics
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/937
Appears in:Thesis - Linguistics

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