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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/935

Title: THE MANAGEMENT AND OPERATION OF ANTI-AIDS CLUBS IN THE SECONDARY SCHOOLS OF OROMIA REGION: AN INVESTIGATION INTO PROBLEMS AND OPPORTUNITIES
Authors: MAtiyass, weyissa
Advisors: Ato Ayalew Shibeshi(Asso. Professor)
Copyright: 2002
Date Added: 24-Apr-2008
Publisher: Addis Ababa University
Abstract: In order to find out the way Anti-AIDS clubs in the secondary schools of Oromia Region were being managed and operated, data were collected from a sample of 30 secondary schools selected from four zones in the region using multi-stage sampling technique. Descriptive survey research involving both qualitative as well as quantitative methods was employed. A total of 30 (100%) deputy principals, and 30 (100%) club sponsor teachers completed the questionnaires. Roughly 57.7% boys and 42.3% girls, totally 584 (97.3%) of club member students were also involved in completing questionnaires. Focus group discussions were made with a group of student club members in 8 sub-sampled schools. Interviews were held with four co-curricular program experts working at the zonal education departments of the four sample zones. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistical tools and tests for significance were made at 95% level of confidence with the use of analytical tools. The findings of the study indicated that the majority of the Anti-AIDS clubs in the sample schools appeared to have almost similar structure. The majority of club sponsors and member students had good interest to work in the clubs. Sufficient training, however, seemed to be lacking in all clubs for the sponsors as well as the members. The mean club membership in the sample schools for which data was available was 150 per club, and it was only 8.43% as compared to the average enrolment of about 1784 students per school. This may be considered insignificant in proportion. But, the impact could be maximized, as it is possible to reach large number of students within the school through presentations to large assemblies. The problem however was that the size of club membership was further cut down by a substantial amount (35.8%) of member dropouts. The majority of the clubs provided AIDS education to their members, and to the students in the school. Some clubs also performed awareness raising activities in the community. But the educational activities promoted in the majority of the clubs lack lifeskills activities. Some clubs remained active only until the time of observance of WORLD AIDS Day. The activities of Anti-AIDS clubs had not been well integrated into the plans of the schools and the educational offices at the various levels. Monitoring and evaluation of the performance of the clubs was not sufficiently carried out by the responsible education structure in the region. The level of participation of student club members in the planning, implementation, and decision-making of club affairs seemed to be generally low. The majority of the clubs were led by a committee, which, largely, was dominated by the club sponsor teacher.The majority of Anti-AIDS club member students seemed to have a positive sexual behavior. More than two-thirds of the sample club members had chosen abstinence as a preventive measure taken against HIV infection and a significant difference was observed between male and female club members in this respect at 95% level of confidence. About one-third of them had sexual intercourse with protective means - a quarter practiced sex with only one partner and about 11.6% used condoms. It is generally quite encouraging that Anti-AIDS club members were taking one or the other of the preventive measures. The majority of the Anti-AIDS clubs in the region had shortage of materials and finance. The clubs had not been given sufficient support from all concerned. In order to alleviate the problems prevailing in the clubs, it is recommended that the education structure in the region as well as all relevant stakeholders should give sufficient attention to the clubs. Detailed plans should be available at all levels of the educational structure with regard to club activities and preparation should involve all those concerned. Continuous trainings should be given to club sponsors as well as member students. A more comprehensive and detailed administrative manual that could also be used for training purposes should be made available to each club. In order to solve the shortage of resources the clubs were facing, and to improve their overall management and coordination, it is recommended that a project be designed and launched at the regional level that would provide for managerial as well as technical support to the Anti-AIDS clubs. Such a design may help to consolidate and harmonize the disorganized efforts of individual clubs across the region and would also permit economic use of resources.
Description: A THESIS SUBMITTED TO THE SCHOOL OF GRADUATE STUDIES OF ADDIS ABABA UNIVERSITY IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE DEGREE OF MASTER OF EDUCATION IN PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT OF EDUCATION
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/935
Appears in:Thesis - Educational Planning & Management

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