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|Title: ||THE MANAGEMENT AND OPERATION OF ANTI-AIDS CLUBS IN THE SECONDARY SCHOOLS OF OROMIA REGION: AN INVESTIGATION INTO PROBLEMS AND OPPORTUNITIES|
|Authors: ||MAtiyass, weyissa|
|Advisors: ||Ato Ayalew Shibeshi(Asso. Professor)|
|Copyright: ||2002 |
|Date Added: ||24-Apr-2008 |
|Publisher: ||Addis Ababa University|
|Abstract: ||In order to find out the way Anti-AIDS clubs in the secondary schools of Oromia
Region were being managed and operated, data were collected from a sample of 30
secondary schools selected from four zones in the region using multi-stage sampling
technique. Descriptive survey research involving both qualitative as well as quantitative
methods was employed.
A total of 30 (100%) deputy principals, and 30 (100%) club sponsor teachers
completed the questionnaires. Roughly 57.7% boys and 42.3% girls, totally 584 (97.3%)
of club member students were also involved in completing questionnaires. Focus group
discussions were made with a group of student club members in 8 sub-sampled schools.
Interviews were held with four co-curricular program experts working at the zonal
education departments of the four sample zones. Data were analyzed using descriptive
statistical tools and tests for significance were made at 95% level of confidence with the
use of analytical tools.
The findings of the study indicated that the majority of the Anti-AIDS clubs in the
sample schools appeared to have almost similar structure. The majority of club sponsors
and member students had good interest to work in the clubs. Sufficient training,
however, seemed to be lacking in all clubs for the sponsors as well as the members.
The mean club membership in the sample schools for which data was available
was 150 per club, and it was only 8.43% as compared to the average enrolment of about
1784 students per school. This may be considered insignificant in proportion. But, the
impact could be maximized, as it is possible to reach large number of students within the
school through presentations to large assemblies. The problem however was that the size
of club membership was further cut down by a substantial amount (35.8%) of member
The majority of the clubs provided AIDS education to their members, and to the
students in the school. Some clubs also performed awareness raising activities in the
community. But the educational activities promoted in the majority of the clubs lack lifeskills
activities. Some clubs remained active only until the time of observance of WORLD
The activities of Anti-AIDS clubs had not been well integrated into the plans of the
schools and the educational offices at the various levels. Monitoring and evaluation of the
performance of the clubs was not sufficiently carried out by the responsible education
structure in the region.
The level of participation of student club members in the planning, implementation, and
decision-making of club affairs seemed to be generally low. The majority of the clubs were
led by a committee, which, largely, was dominated by the club sponsor teacher.The majority of Anti-AIDS club member students seemed to have a positive sexual
behavior. More than two-thirds of the sample club members had chosen abstinence as a
preventive measure taken against HIV infection and a significant difference was observed
between male and female club members in this respect at 95% level of confidence. About
one-third of them had sexual intercourse with protective means - a quarter practiced sex
with only one partner and about 11.6% used condoms. It is generally quite encouraging
that Anti-AIDS club members were taking one or the other of the preventive measures.
The majority of the Anti-AIDS clubs in the region had shortage of materials and
finance. The clubs had not been given sufficient support from all concerned. In order to
alleviate the problems prevailing in the clubs, it is recommended that the education
structure in the region as well as all relevant stakeholders should give sufficient attention
to the clubs. Detailed plans should be available at all levels of the educational structure
with regard to club activities and preparation should involve all those concerned.
Continuous trainings should be given to club sponsors as well as member students. A
more comprehensive and detailed administrative manual that could also be used for
training purposes should be made available to each club.
In order to solve the shortage of resources the clubs were facing, and to improve
their overall management and coordination, it is recommended that a project be designed
and launched at the regional level that would provide for managerial as well as technical
support to the Anti-AIDS clubs. Such a design may help to consolidate and harmonize
the disorganized efforts of individual clubs across the region and would also permit
economic use of resources.|
|Description: ||A THESIS SUBMITTED TO
THE SCHOOL OF GRADUATE STUDIES
OF ADDIS ABABA UNIVERSITY
IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS
FOR THE DEGREE OF MASTER OF EDUCATION
IN PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT OF EDUCATION|
|Appears in:||Thesis - Educational Planning & Management|
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