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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/929

Title: THE ROLE OF FAMILIES AND COMMUNITIES IN HIV/AIDS PREVENTION AND CONTROL
Authors: AYNALEM, HAILEMICHAEL
Advisors: Professor Yemane Berhane
Dr Gail Davey
Copyright: 2004
Date Added: 24-Apr-2008
Publisher: Addis Ababa University
Abstract: HIV/AIDS has seriously affected the well-being of adolescents in Ethiopia and has posed serious concern for their parents. However, parental and community involvement in HIV prevention and control activities has been limited due to top-down approach adapted in the program. To assess the role of families and communities in the prevention and control of HIV/AIDS among adolescents. A cross sectional community based study was conducted in Jimma town from January to February 2004 using a mixture of quantitative and qualitative research methods. A total of 602 parents were randomly included in the study. Majority of parents agreed to most of the questions used to assess the risk reduction potentials but only 121(48.4%) fathers and 149(42.6%) mothers agreed with regard to the role of parents in the promotion of condoms use among sexuality active young adults. On the other hand the responses of the study subjects were below 50% for most of the vulnerability and impact reduction potential questions. Education and family income were found to be determinant factors for the perceived risk, vulnerability and impact reduction potential (p <0.05). Four hundred and sixty two (76%) and 358(59.6%) of parents reported that they made discussion about HIV/AIDS and sexuality with their children respectively. Yet only 130(21.7%) of the parents reported that they had ever advice the use of condoms to their sexually active children. Scope of knowledge of modes of transmission and means of prevention of HIV/AIDS is still worrying. This study identified the presence of major misconceptions pertaining condom use. CBOs showed an encouraging commitment in participating in the HIV/AIDS prevention activities. They also have showed a sense of program ownership and believed that they can serve as a link between the policy makers and the community. Parents and community members are aware of their potentials contributions and are willing to actively participate in HIV/AIDS prevention and control activities. Therefore, parents and communities have to be given a chance to participate in HIV/AIDS prevention and control activities as they are at the front in bearing its burden.
Description: A Thesis Submitted to the School of Graduate Studies, Addis Ababa University in the Partial Fulfillment of the Requirement for the Degree of Masters of Public Health
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/929
Appears in:Thesis - Public Health

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