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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/889

Title: IMPACT OF HIV/AIDS ON AIDS ORPHANS WITH SPECIAL EMPHASIS ON SOCIAL CAPITAL
Authors: YOSEF, SELAMAWIT
Advisors: Abdulhamid Bedri Kello ( Ph.D)
Copyright: 2005
Date Added: 22-Apr-2008
Publisher: Addis Ababa University
Abstract: The HIV/AIDS epidemic has claimed the lives of over 20 million leaving a total of over 14 million AIDS orphans world wide. Out of these, over 12 million children who lost at least one parent to AIDS are believed to live in Africa. Ethiopia, as one of the highly affected countries, is a home for an estimated number of 539,000- 1.2 million AIDS orphans. The epidemic continued posing a serious threat on the social and economic well being of these children. While HIV/AIDS is a complex economic, health, social, cultural, political, human right and development problem, the existing studies have not given due attention to the impact of social capital. Social capital has a beneficial impact in addressing the problem of HIV/AIDS and its effect on AIDS orphans. It can sometimes also facilitate adverse outcomes. This study therefore, attempts to provide a better insight of social capital that has contribution in the prevention and control of the problem. The objectives of this study are to examine the socio-economic situation in which AIDS orphans live; to identify the major problems affecting AIDS orphans and their care givers in their day to day life and in accessing social services and to investigate the major sociocultural barriers that limit access of AIDS orphans to basic social services. A qualitative data collection method was mainly used to gather information from a total of 228 AIDS orphans, 52 care givers, 14 key informants and 2 focus group discussions with 18 participants. The data were analyzed using percentages and chi-square tests. The results of the study showed that AIDS orphans were facing various physical, social, economic and psychological problems after the death of their parent/s. Furthermore, the majority of the AIDS orphans lost both their parents and in general their living standard declined. Care givers also were facing various economic and social problems in addition to the burden of responsibility of taking care of the orphans. The findings also revealed that there were various socio- cultural factors that aggravated the problems and hindered AIDS orphans to proper access to social –services. Finally, based on the findings, the study suggested means of alleviating the problem such as encompassing socio-cultural aspects in any AIDS orphans related endeavors, intensive awareness creation and provision of adequate access to basic necessities.
Description: A THESIS SUBMITTED TO THE SCHOOL OF GRADUATE STUDIES OF ADDIS ABABA UNIVERSITY IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE DEGREE OF MASTERS OF ARTS IN REGIONAL AND LOCAL DEVELOPMENT STUDIES
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/889
Appears in:Thesis - Regional and Local Development

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