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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/875

Title: The performance of the current agricultural extension approach in food crop packages-a case study in Assosa and Bambasi woredas of the Benishangul Gumuz National Regional State
Authors: kassaye, Hailu
Advisors: Dr. Mulat Demeke
Copyright: 2002
Date Added: 22-Apr-2008
Publisher: Addis Ababa University
Abstract: Currently, agricultural extension activity has been widely implemented indifferent parts of the world. Agricultural extension is both a science and an art, which aims at improving the over all productivity of the rural farmers. It usually introduces new technologies or innovations for targeted groups of the society. In short, agricultural extension can be considered as a bridge that links and facilitates a kind of horizontal relationship among researchers, policy makers and farmers. The main objective of this study is to see overall performance of the current extension approach in food crop packages- in the case of Assosa and Bambasi woredas of the Benishangul Gumuz National Regional State (BGNRS). These two woredas are relatively accessible and pioneers to introduce the current extension approach. Due to such and other similar reasons, they were purposively selected for this particular study. Cross sectional survey method was employed to gather data from the selected sample households of the areas. Each sample household was randomly selected from the stratified groups (participants and non-participants) of the sampling frame. In processes of data collection; constraints of money and time, scattered type of settlements, unfavorable climate and lack of road transportation were major problems. Descriptive statistics, measures of statistical significance and logistic regression model were used to analyze the data. In addition to that, group discussion was administered with representatives of agricultural offices of the two woredas, development agents of the areas, Woreda administrators and different experts of the regional agricultural bureau. As the over all results of the study clearly shows, each sample households knows at least about the existence of the current extension program. On the other hand, average yield; gross benefits and net benefits of extension plots are found better than non-extension plots. The program is also found contributing a significant change on food intake of the sample participants. But, on activities like demonstrations, field visits, and group discussions; supports given to farmers of the areas are not much satisfactory. Besides to that, the role of farmers is not also well considered in the over all planning and implementation process of the program. Among hypothesized variables; number of oxen, access to credit services, and dummy variables for settlers are found significantly affect extension participation. In the study areas; high illiteracy rates, language, marginalization of women, declining in crop prices, financial problems, lack of access to credit services, absence of input delivering agencies, poor transportation, and absence of research institution are identified to be the main problems (challenges) of the current extension program. Planners, policy makers, researchers, administrators, extension agents, and others stakeholders need to work collaboratively to tackle these problems. As much as possible, early measures are highly recommended. Other wise, farmers will not be willing for continuing to participate in the program.
Description: A THESIS SUBMITTED TO THE SCHOOL OF GRADUATE STUDIES OF ADDIS ABABA UNIVERSITY IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE DEGREE OF MASTERS OF ARTS IN REGIONAL AND LOCAL DEVELOPMENT STUDIES
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/875
Appears in:Thesis - Regional and Local Development

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