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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/866

Title: CAUSES, TRENDS AND PATTERNS OF MIGRATION TO BISHOFTU (DEBRE ZEIT) TOWN
Authors: DAGNE, DEREJE
Advisors: Dr. Solomon Mulugeta
Copyright: 2002
Date Added: 22-Apr-2008
Publisher: Addis Ababa University
Abstract: This study reports the trends and patterns of migration towards urban areas in Ethiopia, by taking Bishoftu (Debre Zeit) town as a case study. The study aims at examining the causes of migration and its consequences on the existing urban services and the migrants themselves. It further attempts to identify and investigate factors that force migrants to leave their home places; the characteristics of the migrants; examine the volume and spatial pattern of urbanward migration; and assess the physical and economic problems (such as employment, housing, etc.) faced by migrants after arriving in the town. The main findings of the study include, firstly, the principal factor behind urban-ward migration in the study area is the imbalance between urban and rural areas in the levels of economic development. Secondly, majorities of the migrants are of rural origin and are dominated by young men and women. Finally, as a result of moving to the study area some problems such as shortage of housing, employment and other social services have been faced by migrants. To reduce urban ward migration and its consequences, it is suggested that integrated rural development and increasing investments in the development of the town are very important. Accordingly, promoting farm and non-farm rural activities, small scale and labor-intensive rural industrialization, and increasing rural infrastructure and services are suggested as major lines of action. Similarly, increasing investments on the development of social and physical infrastructure in the town is also suggested which is vital to accommodate those who move to the town on the top of serving the urban population that increases through natural growth.
Description: A THESIS SUBMITTED TO THE SCHOOL OF GRADUATE STUDIES OF ADDIS ABABA UNIVERSITY IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE DEGREE OF MASTERS OF ARTS IN REGIONAL AND LOCAL DEVELOPMENT STUDIES
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/866
Appears in:Thesis - Regional and Local Development

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