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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/854

Title: THE ECONOMIC IMPACT OF HIV AND AIDS ON GULELE GARMENT SHARE COMPANY, ADDIS ABABA, ETHIOPIA
Authors: SHIFERAW, WORKU
Advisors: Dr. P.Murugan
Copyright: 2006
Date Added: 22-Apr-2008
Publisher: Addis Ababa University
Abstract: The focus of this study is directed toward determining the economic impact of HIV/AIDS on Gulele Garment Share Company. To this effect a retrospective review of documents from the departments of finance, administration and production, cards and/or registration books of HIV/AIDS cases from the company clinic were conducted to collect relevant data during the four year period (2001-2004). The data from these sources were then entered, and analyzed using SPSS version 12. Accordingly, it has been observed that out of 102 voluntarily examined employees in VCT centers,17 (16.67%) were HIV positive with a mean age of 41.15 years and this prevalence rate was slightly higher than the prevalence rate (15.6%) of the epidemic in the city during the base year (2001). The findings of the study indicated that the majority of HIV test positives were between the age group of 35 and 50 years, all females, illiterates or grade 8 and below, married, with 1–4 family size, and the majority had greater than or equal to 20 years work experience. In 2001, the mean production and mean working hours were not significantly different between HIV positives and HIV negatives. However, in the following years, the differences of these variables between HIV positive and HIV negative were significant. In 2004, HIV positive employees produced significantly less output (mean=419.94) than those HIV negative employees (mean=747.23) and this was 77.94 percent and 88.60 percent lower than the production of HIV negatives and the standard production of the company respectively. This finding has been justified by the working hours, sick leave, free leave and absent days of HIV positive employees compared to HIV negative employees’. The total cost of HIV/AIDS to the company over the past four year period was estimated to be 118,669 Eth. Birr and this had been 50.26 percent of the total cost assessed or 2.06 percent of the company loss over the four year period. In conclusion, this study has shown that HIV/AIDS affects negatively the production of the employees. However, contrary to the general assumption, the share of HIV/AIDS related cost was concealed by the big amount of the deficit of the company.
Description: A THESIS SUBMITTED TO THE SCHOOL OF GRADUATE STUDIES OF ADDIS ABABA UNIVERSITY IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE DEGREE OF MASTERS OF ARTS IN REGIONAL AND LOCAL DEVELOPMENT STUDIES
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/854
Appears in:Thesis - Regional and Local Development

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