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|Title: ||THE ECONOMIC IMPACT OF HIV AND AIDS ON GULELE GARMENT SHARE COMPANY, ADDIS ABABA, ETHIOPIA|
|Authors: ||SHIFERAW, WORKU|
|Advisors: ||Dr. P.Murugan|
|Copyright: ||2006 |
|Date Added: ||22-Apr-2008 |
|Publisher: ||Addis Ababa University|
|Abstract: ||The focus of this study is directed toward determining the economic impact of HIV/AIDS on
Gulele Garment Share Company. To this effect a retrospective review of documents from
the departments of finance, administration and production, cards and/or registration books of
HIV/AIDS cases from the company clinic were conducted to collect relevant data during the
four year period (2001-2004). The data from these sources were then entered, and analyzed
using SPSS version 12.
Accordingly, it has been observed that out of 102 voluntarily examined employees in VCT
centers,17 (16.67%) were HIV positive with a mean age of 41.15 years and this prevalence
rate was slightly higher than the prevalence rate (15.6%) of the epidemic in the city during
the base year (2001). The findings of the study indicated that the majority of HIV test
positives were between the age group of 35 and 50 years, all females, illiterates or grade 8
and below, married, with 1–4 family size, and the majority had greater than or equal to 20
years work experience.
In 2001, the mean production and mean working hours were not significantly different
between HIV positives and HIV negatives. However, in the following years, the differences
of these variables between HIV positive and HIV negative were significant. In 2004, HIV
positive employees produced significantly less output (mean=419.94) than those HIV
negative employees (mean=747.23) and this was 77.94 percent and 88.60 percent lower than
the production of HIV negatives and the standard production of the company respectively.
This finding has been justified by the working hours, sick leave, free leave and absent days of
HIV positive employees compared to HIV negative employees’.
The total cost of HIV/AIDS to the company over the past four year period was estimated to
be 118,669 Eth. Birr and this had been 50.26 percent of the total cost assessed or 2.06 percent
of the company loss over the four year period. In conclusion, this study has shown that
HIV/AIDS affects negatively the production of the employees. However, contrary to the
general assumption, the share of HIV/AIDS related cost was concealed by the big amount of
the deficit of the company.|
|Description: ||A THESIS SUBMITTED TO THE SCHOOL OF GRADUATE STUDIES OF ADDIS ABABA UNIVERSITY IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE DEGREE OF MASTERS OF ARTS IN REGIONAL AND LOCAL DEVELOPMENT STUDIES|
|Appears in:||Thesis - Regional and Local Development|
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