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|Title: ||Factors Affecting People’s Participation in Participatory Forest Management: The case of IFMP Adaba-Dodola in Bale zone of Oromia Region|
|Authors: ||Degeti, Terefe|
|Advisors: ||Yonas Yemishaw(PhD)|
|Copyright: ||2003 |
|Date Added: ||22-Apr-2008 |
|Publisher: ||Addis Ababa University|
|Abstract: ||Forest is one of the most essential kinds of resources that human beings and other animals
depend on. It regulates environmental and ecological changes in which soil, water, climate,
rainfall etc are in the good existence in sustainable condition. Whether it is private or public
property, forest is the nationally and globally mutual treasure.
The major causes for deforestation of Adaba-Dodola Priority Forest Area are the expansion of
agricultural farm, the commercialization of forest product almost by the whole community
living inside and outside it. As a remedy, the IFMP started its operation as a pilot project with
the intention of adopting the collaborative management between the community and the
government, where the community takes part in the conservation process so that the authority
and ownership right are permanently transferred to some identified members of community
living within the forest.
The study was conducted on Adaba-Dodola Forest Priority Area, from February to May 2002.
The general objective of this Thesis is to identify the major factors affecting people’s
participation in participatory forest management of Adaba-Dodola pilot project. Primary data
are collected by face-to-face interview from sample population of WAJIB members using
research instrument. Information was also gathered from district agriculture office and IFMP
staffs for the purpose of getting preliminary idea but the response does not incorporated in the
findings report. The interview covered 90 informants, which comprise about 20 percent out of
the total WAJIB population size. Purposive, multi-stage stratified and systematic sampling
methods have been employed in sample selection process.
It is found out that people positively perceive the WAJIB approach of PFM due to the fact
that they proved there is a positive change in forest conservation, empowerment and
accountability devolved upon them. Moreover, the WAJIB members are strongly participating
in the forest management in idea sharing, planning, decision-making and controlling. This
happened as a result of the privileges of ownership and use right granted to them by the
agreement made with the regional government. The benefits they derive or expect to derive
are also the driving force for such active WAJIBs’ community participation. Moreover,
awareness creation made about the gloomy side of deforestation, and the chance of the
community to be displaced from the forest region by government force for the loss of forest
stock, the homogeneity of the people living within the forest, and decision making power
devolved towards the community (applying bottom-up approach) are some of the major
encouraging factors in forest management.
On the other hand, in contrast to some research findings, which were carried-out in other area,
land tenure; income difference and traditional or cultural value do not have impact on both
participation and forest management activity. This reveals that the variables that affect
people’s participation are based on regional specific attributes.
Some of the factors that discourage participation are conflict/potential conflict/ arising
between those WAJIB members who are granted the use right and non-WAJIB members of
the community who are excluded from use right over the forest. Furthermore, the fear of
losing their farm land, lack of incentives, weak legal actions taken on illegal users and doubt
on project continuity are some of the hindrances mentioned by the informants. Most of such
variables are directly or indirectly related to securing forest right.|
|Description: ||A THESIS SUBMITTED TO THE SCHOOL OF GRADUATE STUDIES OF ADDIS ABABA UNIVERSITY IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE DEGREE OF MASTERS OF ARTS IN REGIONAL AND LOCAL DEVELOPMENT STUDIES|
|Appears in:||Thesis - Regional and Local Development|
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