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|Title: ||SMALL-SCALE IRRIGATION AND HOUSEHOLD FOOD SECURITY: A Case Study of Three Irrigation Schemes in Gubalafto Woreda of North Wollo Zone, Amhara Region|
|Authors: ||YASSIN, SEID|
|Advisors: ||Ato Dessalegn Rahmato|
|Copyright: ||2002 |
|Date Added: ||22-Apr-2008 |
|Publisher: ||Addis Ababa University|
|Abstract: ||This study aims to examine the role of small-scale irrigation development to assure
household food security in drought prone Woreda of North Wollo Zone, Amhara region. Its
main objective being the study of the impact of irrigation on household food security, paying
particular attention to its contribution towards increasing agricultural production, household
income and the potential to reduce dependency on food assistance. The study also looks at
the management and operation processes of irrigation schemes and its role to performance
level of schemes.
To serve these objectives, household survey, focus group discussion and key informant
interview were used to collect data at household and individual level. Annual household
production, income generated, asset owned and other socio-economic data were collected
using structured questionnaire with the help of locally recruited and semi-trained
enumerators. Background information of the study area, irrigation potential, food aid,
beneficiaries, market survey, etc data were gathered from concerned government line
departments and institutions operating in the Zone.
The finding of the study highlights the positive impact of irrigation development in that it
helps to sustain, diversify and increased agricultural production. Irrigation enables farmers
to generate more income and maintain productive assets like draught oxen. The study also
revealed that irrigation promotes the use of agricultural inputs through supply of water
during the dry season and when the amount and distribution of the main rain is found to be
inadequate. Such opportunities of irrigation improve food availability and food security
situation of irrigation households.
The results of this study also shows that households with access to irrigation have been able
to double their annual income through the production of high value horticultural crops.
Irrigation is providing gainful self-employment for participants and improving household
access to marketable food. Moreover, households could diversify their diet composition and
found at a better nutrition status due to diversified food sources produced through the use of
|Description: ||A THESIS SUBMITTED TO THE SCHOOL OF GRADUATE STUDIES OF ADDIS ABABA UNIVERSITY IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE DEGREE OF MASTERS OF ARTS IN REGIONAL AND LOCAL DEVELOPMENT STUDIES|
|Appears in:||Thesis - Regional and Local Development|
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