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|Title: ||The Role Of Women In Agro-Pastoral Household Food Security-The Case Of Erer Woreda, Shinile Zone, Somali National Regional States|
|Authors: ||Abdi, Reshid|
|Advisors: ||Dr.Bekure W/Semait|
|Keywords: ||food security|
the role of women
and expenditure patterns
Access and control
|Copyright: ||2004 |
|Date Added: ||22-Apr-2008 |
|Publisher: ||Addis Ababa University|
|Abstract: ||Women play significant roles in the household food security in most developing countries.
However, they are constrained by many socio-economic and institutional factors. In the light
of this, this study assessed the role of women in the agro-pastoral household food security
compared to what men do in Erer woreda. It also assessed the factors that are related and
those that constrained women’s role in household food security.
To realize these objectives the study used both qualitative and quantitative methods in four
rural representative villages of this food economic zone. The study found out the income
generated from non-domestic activities and hence the purchasing power of households to be
crucial in household food security in the woreda. In this respect, the data verified women in
the woreda to play significant roles in the household food security.
Women engage into various food processing activities in the households. Furthermore,
women participate in the different crop and livestock production activities. Particularly,
women dominate in the livestock production management. Similarly, women out weigh in
both crop and livestock products marketing than men. More importantly, women contribute
more income than men to the households. In consequence, women spend their individual
incomes primarily on the households food needs and on children’s health while men spend
half of their income on personal needs.
However, there are several factors that limit women’s roles in the household food security in
the woreda. Primarily, women have little control over critical household productive resources.
Furthermore, they have poor access to institutional support such as training, technology and
credit facilities. Similarly, they have poor decision-making power in the household mainly
On the other hand, the negative perceptions of the larger community about women’s roles are
caused by socio-economic and cultural factors. Over and above, in promoting their roles in
the household food security women are constrained by several socio-economic factors. These
are mainly lack of capital, absence of transport, market, and workload and water shortage
among others. In a nutshell, the women in the woreda are the basis to the household food
security. Therefore, in order to improve the household food security and up-grade women’s
roles in this regard the prevailing problems in the woreda need concerted efforts to be
considered in gender approach from all concerned bodies.|
|Description: ||A THESIS SUBMITTED TO THE SCHOOL OF GRADUATE STUDIES OF ADDIS ABABA UNIVERSITY IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE DEGREE OF MASTERS OF ARTS IN REGIONAL AND LOCAL DEVELOPMENT STUDIES|
|Appears in:||Thesis - Regional and Local Development|
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